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Integrating housing wealth into the social safety net : the elderly in Moscow

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  • Buckley, Robert
  • Cartwright, Kim
  • Struyk, Raymond
  • Szymanoski, Edward

Abstract

The elderly in Russia have often been among those least able to cope with all the changes that have taken place during the transition. Unlike the situation prior to reform-when pensions were stable-they now face considerable uncertainty. If they have not been in poverty, many have been close to it. While the elderly have experienced difficulties, they have also been the beneficiaries of a very large transfer of wealth. In Russia, as in most transition economies, housing was privatized, under giveaway terms. As a result, although many elderly households have low incomes, based on their wealth, their deprivation would appear to be less serious. Unfortunately, in the absence of a developed financial system, it is difficult to use this wealth without selling it. In Russia, all households, not just the elderly, have not been able to borrow. The existence of such large unencumbered wealth holdings by lower income elderly households creates an opportunity to provide what might be termed"housing safety net insurance"at low public cost. More than reducing the incidence of poverty, such schemes could allow also many of the elderly to be able to move out of poverty and into middle income status. The authors explain why many of the elderly in the former Soviet Union (FSU), not just in Russia, are likely to have so much housing wealth. Then they discuss how financial instruments could access this wealth. The authors also discuss the empirical situation of the elderly in Moscow, illustrating the potential demand for such products. Finally, they suggest that the results for Moscow are likely to be similar in many other FSU countries because these countries also have elderly populations who also own a great deal of unencumbered housing wealth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3115.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3115

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Keywords: Environmental Economics&Policies; Public Health Promotion; Payment Systems&Infrastructure; Banks&Banking Reform; Health Economics&Finance; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Banks&Banking Reform; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Health Economics&Finance;

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  1. Diamond, P. A., 1977. "A framework for social security analysis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 275-298, December.
  2. Edward J. Szymanoski, 1994. "Risk and the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 22(2), pages 347-366.
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  10. Shleifer, Andrei & Summers, Lawrence H. & Bernheim, B. Douglas, 1986. "The Strategic Bequest Motive," Scholarly Articles 3721794, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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  12. Steven F. Venti & David A. Wise, 1990. "But They Don’t Want to Reduce Housing Equity," NBER Chapters, in: Issues in the Economics of Aging, pages 13-32 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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