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The effect of job training on Peruvian women's employment and wages

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  • Arriagada, Ana-Maria
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    Abstract

    This paper looks at the effect of post-school training on employment and wage opportunities of urban women. Attendance in post-school training programs is extensive. The more schooling a women has, the more likely she is to receive job training. Post-school training generally increases a woman's chances of entering the labor force, however, job training does not increase the hourly wage rates of women in wage (private) and nonwage employment sectors. There are several possible explanations for this finding. First, since women tend to expect to work outside the home fewer years than men, they have an incentive to train for occupations that require lower investments in human capital than those by men. Second, there are no standards for assessing the quality of the training in proprietary institutes where most women are trained. Finally, discrimination against women may prevent them from entering not only the most successful training programs, but also the jobs that allow more wage and career advancement as well.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 241.

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    Date of creation: 31 Jul 1989
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:241

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    Related research

    Keywords: Primary Education; Teaching and Learning; Gender and Education; Tertiary Education; ICT Policy and Strategies;

    References

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    1. Irmtraud Streker-Seeborg & Michael C. Seeborg & Abera Zegeye, 1984. "The Impact of Nontraditional Training on the Occupational Attainment of Women," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(4), pages 452-471.
    2. Paula England, 1982. "The Failure of Human Capital Theory to Explain Occupational Sex Segregation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(3), pages 358-370.
    3. Heckman, James J, 1978. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 931-59, July.
    4. Mary Corcoran & Greg J. Duncan, 1979. "Work History, Labor Force Attachment, and Earnings Differences between the Races and Sexes," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(1), pages 3-20.
    5. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    6. Ashenfelter, Orley C, 1978. "Estimating the Effect of Training Programs on Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 60(1), pages 47-57, February.
    7. Orley Ashenfelter & David Card, 1984. "Using the Longitudinal Structure of Earnings to Estimate the Effect of Training Programs," NBER Working Papers 1489, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Burt S. Barnow, 1987. "The Impact of CETA Programs on Earnings: A Review of the Literature," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(2), pages 157-193.
    9. Jacob Mincer & Haim Ofek, 1982. "Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(1), pages 3-24.
    10. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    11. Dougherty, Christopher, 1989. "The cost-effectiveness of national training systems in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 171, The World Bank.
    12. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
    13. Levine, Victor & Moock, Peter R., 1984. "Labor force experience and earnings: Women with children," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 183-193, June.
    14. LaLonde, Robert J, 1986. "Evaluating the Econometric Evaluations of Training Programs with Experimental Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 604-20, September.
    15. Wu, De-Min, 1973. "Alternative Tests of Independence Between Stochastic Regressors and Disturbances," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(4), pages 733-50, July.
    16. Welch, F, 1970. "Education in Production," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(1), pages 35-59, Jan.-Feb..
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    Cited by:
    1. Khandker, Shahidur R., 1990. "Labor market participation, returns to education, and male - female wage differences in Peru," Policy Research Working Paper Series 461, The World Bank.

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