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Socioeconomic and ethnic determinants of grade repetition in Bolivia and Guatemala

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  • Patrinos, Harry Anthony
  • Psacharopoulos, George

Abstract

After reviewing the literature on repetition (students repeating grades in schools) in developing countries, the authors examine factors related to repetition in Bolivia and Guatemala. They develop a model to estimate the incidence and determinants of repetition. The use multivariate logistic regression analysis to estimate the determinants of repetition, using the results in simulations to determine probabilities of who is more likely to repeat. Their empirical analysis shows that certain populations are more likely to repeat a grade: children from less wealthy households and children of indigenous origins. This suggests that any targeting activities could be directed to the poor and could have an indigenous component, such as bilingual education.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1028.

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Date of creation: 30 Nov 1992
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1028

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Related research

Keywords: Teaching and Learning; Primary Education; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Youth and Governance; Gender and Education;

References

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  1. Psacharopoulos, George & Rojas, Carlos & Velez, Eduardo, 1992. "Achievement evaluation of Colombia's Escuela Nueva : is multigrade the answer?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 896, The World Bank.
  2. Behrman, Jere R & Deolalikar, Anil B, 1991. "School Repetition, Dropouts, and the Rates of Return to Schooling: The Case of Indonesia," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 53(4), pages 467-80, November.
  3. Glewwe, P. & Jacoby, H., 1993. "Delayed Primary School Enrollment and Childhood Malnutrition in Ghana, an Economic Analysis," Papers 98, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  4. Gome-Neto, J.B. & Hanushek, E.A., 1991. "The Causes and Effects of Grade Repetition: Evidence from Brazil," RCER Working Papers 295, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Joan B. Anderson, 2000. "Factors affecting learning of Mexican primary school children," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 15(1), pages 117-152.
  2. Manacorda, Marco, 2010. "The Cost of Grade Retention," CEPR Discussion Papers 7889, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. King, Elizabeth M. & Orazem, Peter & Paterno, Elizabeth M., 2008. "Promotion with and Without Learning: Effects on Student Enrollment and Dropout Behavior," Staff General Research Papers 12968, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  4. Mete, Cem, 2004. "The inequality implications of highly selective promotion practices," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 301-314, June.
  5. Godoy, Ricardo & Reyes-Garcia, Victoria & Seyfried, Craig & Huanca, Tomas & Leonard, William R. & McDade, Thomas & Tanner, Susan & Vadez, Vincent, 2007. "Language skills and earnings: Evidence from a pre-industrial economy in the Bolivian Amazon," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 349-360, June.
  6. Crouch, Luis A., 1996. "Public education equity and efficiency in South Africa: Lessons for other countries," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 125-137, April.

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