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Vertical coordination from the angle of farmer loyalty and access to credit. Evidence from the Polish dairy sector

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  • Jan Fałkowski

    ()
    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that processing and retail industries have actively engaged in assisting farmers to join the modern food marketing systems. Data from the Polish dairy sector shows that assistance is provided not only for the traditional-channel farmers wishing to modernise, but also for farmers already included in the modern marketing channel. Drawing on the literature two explanations could be provided to account for this phenomenon: 1) even the modern-channel farmers lack sufficient funds to maintain required quality/quantity on their own; 2) after undertaking the necessary adjustments the modern-channel farmers are more likely to quit their relationship with current processor and turn elsewhere so the assistance is needed to prevent them from doing that. Basing on the household data, it is robustly found that these hypotheses could provide at most partial explanation for vertical linkages observed between modern-channel processors and farms. The present paper takes advantage of logit models, instrumental variables’ approach, panel data estimations as well as propensity score matching methods.

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File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP1.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw in its series Working Papers with number 2008-01.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2008-01

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Related research

Keywords: vertical coordination; access to credit; farmer loyalty; dairy sector; Poland;

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References

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  1. Joshua D. Angrist & Alan B. Krueger, 2001. "Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 69-85, Fall.
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  6. repec:fth:prinin:455 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Petrick, Martin, 2004. "Farm investment, credit rationing, and governmentally promoted credit access in Poland: a cross-sectional analysis," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 275-294, June.
  8. Cotterill, Ronald W., 1999. "Continuing Concentration in the U.S.: Strategic Challenges to an Unstable Status Quo," Research Reports 25165, University of Connecticut, Food Marketing Policy Center.
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  11. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra E, 1997. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator: Evidence from Evaluating a Job Training Programme," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 605-54, October.
  12. Cotterill, Ronald W., 1999. "Continuing Concentration in Food Industries Globally: Strategic Challenges to an Unstable Status Quo," Research Reports 25190, University of Connecticut, Food Marketing Policy Center.
  13. Dennis R. Henderson, 1994. "Measuring and Assessing Vertical Ties in the Agro-food System," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 42(4), pages 549-560, December.
  14. Hennessy, David A., 1996. "Information Asymmetry As a Reason for Food Industry Vertical Integration," Staff General Research Papers 5032, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  15. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra, 1998. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(2), pages 261-94, April.
  16. Ian Sheldon & Richard Sperling, 2003. "Estimating the Extent of Imperfect Competition in the Food Industry: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 89-109.
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