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Preliminary Impacts of a New Seasonal Work Program on Rural Household Incomes in the Pacific

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  • John Gibson

    ()
    (University of Waikato)

  • David McKenzie

    ()
    (World Bank, BREAD and IZA)

Abstract

Seasonal work programs are increasingly advocated by international aid agencies as a way of enabling both developed and developing countries to benefit from migration. They are argued to provide workers with new skills and allow them to send remittances home, without the receiving country having to worry about long-term assimilation and the source country worrying about permanent loss of skills. However, formal evidence as to the development impact of seasonal worker programs is non-existent. This paper provides the first such evaluation, studying New Zealand's new Recognized Seasonal Employer (RSE) program which allows Pacific Island migrants to work in horticulture and viticulture in New Zealand for up to seven months per year. We use baseline and follow-up waves of surveys we are carrying out in Tonga to form difference-in-difference and propensity score matching estimates of short-term impacts on household income and consumption.

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File URL: ftp://mngt.waikato.ac.nz/RePEc/wai/econwp/0818.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Waikato, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 08/18.

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Length: 12 pages
Date of creation: 31 Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wai:econwp:08/18

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Keywords: propensity score matching; rural household incomes; seasonal work programs;

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References

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  1. Alan de Brauw & Tomoko Harigaya, 2007. "Seasonal Migration and Improving Living Standards in Vietnam," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(2), pages 430-447.
  2. Dehejia, R.H. & Wahba, S., 1998. "Propensity Score Matching Methods for Non-Experimental Causal Studies," Discussion Papers, Columbia University, Department of Economics 1998_02, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
  3. David McKenzie & Pilar Garcia Martinez & L. Alan Winters, 2008. "Who is coming from Vanuatu to New Zealand under the new Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) Program?," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0806, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  4. John Gibson & David McKenzie & Halahingano Rohorua, 2008. "How Pro-Poor is the Selection of Seasonal Migrant Workers from Tonga under New Zealand’s Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) Program?," Working Papers in Economics, University of Waikato, Department of Economics 08/08, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.
  5. John Gibson & David McKenzie & Halahingano Rohorua, 2006. "How Cost Elastic are Remittances? Estimates from Tongan Migrants in New Zealand," Working Papers in Economics, University of Waikato, Department of Economics 06/02, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Yang, Dean, 2009. "International Migration and Human Development," MPRA Paper 19212, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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