Do Flexible Employment Contracts Change Household Income Differences in Italy?
AbstractThis paper examines whether the growing use of non-permanent contracts may have inuenced the intra-family income differences in Italy over time. After the 1996, a number of reforms were imple- mented to reduce the levels of employment protection. Thus we aim at providing evidence on the determinants of potential changes to per- sonal level of income before and after the introduction of such rules. In particular, we calculate the contribution of each individual within the family using two Italian longitudinal data (namely ECHP and IT- Silc). We perform estimations for men and women, separately. Our results confirm that the amount of contribution changes over the span considered. Fathers are generally more likely to support other family members. Sons are instead money receivers, and the magnitude of the coefficient is especially large when labour market fexibility has been already introduced. Individuals with part time temporary contracts face less favourable financial conditions. Finally, those who are out of the labour market (i.e. retired, unemployed, inactive) contribute negatively within the family.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - University of Eastern Piedmont in its series Working Papers with number 129.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Temporary jobs; income differences; employment contracts; family; labour institutional changes; fexibility;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
- J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
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