An Economic Model of the Evolution of the Gender Performance Ratio in Individual Sports
AbstractThis paper shows that the gender world record ratio in four disciplines, i.e. marathon, triple jump, pole vault and 800 meters, follows a S-shape over time. It is argued that this pattern is initiated by a sudden drop in the social barrier for women to participate in these disciplines. This drop in social barrier materializes –later- by the authorization for women to participate at major events, such as the Olympic Games, in these disciplines. The paper builds a simple economic model of sector self-selection and human capital accumulation with intrinsic disutility (social barriers) to participate in some sectors. As social barriers are removed in a sector, the Gender Performance Ratio is shown to follow a S-shape over time under very basic assumptions and calibrations. Ability self-selection, measured as the difference between mean ability of women in that sector and population mean, becomes more positive after removal of the social barrier.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR) in its series Research Memorandum with number 021.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Dupuy, Arnaud, 2010. "An Economic Model of the Evolution of the Gender Performance Ratio in Individual Sports," IZA Discussion Papers 4838, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Dupuy Arnaud, 2010. "An Economic Model of the Evolution of the Gender Performance Ratio in Individual Sports," ROA Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) 006, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
- N32 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
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- Casey B. Mulligan & Yona Rubinstein, 2008. "Selection, Investment, and Women's Relative Wages Over Time," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 123(3), pages 1061-1110, August.
- Lalith Munasinghe & Brendan O'Flaherty & Stephan Danninger, 2001. "Globalization and the Rate of Technological Progress: What Track and Field Records Show," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(5), pages 1132-1149, October.
- Frick, Bernd, 2011. "Gender differences in competitiveness: Empirical evidence from professional distance running," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 389-398, June.
- Böheim, René & Lackner, Mario, 2013.
"Gender and Competition: Evidence from Jumping Competitions,"
IZA Discussion Papers
7243, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- René Böheim & Mario Lackner, 2013. "Gender and Competition: Evidence from Jumping Competitions," Economics working papers, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2013-05, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
- Chang-Tai Hsieh & Erik Hurst & Charles I. Jones & Peter J. Klenow, 2013. "The Allocation of Talent and U.S. Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 18693, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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