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Percepciones sobre Movilidad Social y Meritocracia: Un Estudio para Chile Usando la Encuesta de Trabajo y Equidad

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  • Óscar Landerretche
  • Nicolás Lillo

Abstract

Este trabajo es un estudio sobre las correlaciones existentes entre la percepción de movilidad social y la creencia de la existencia de meritocracia en Chile. Los resultados muestran que la movilidad social intergeneracional que experimenta un individuo está positiva y significativamente correlacionada con la probabilidad de que dicho individuo atribuya la pobreza a características individuales de las personas, lo cual indica creencia en la existencia de meritocracia. Además, se encuentra evidencia de que los años de educación están negativamente correlacionados con esta creencia mientras que la edad está positivamente correlacionada. Un resultado importante es que la magnitud de la correlación entre movilidad social y la creencia en la existencia de meritocracia domina a todas las otras correlaciones.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/5ce1952daa5d0fbec0cd24d06edcaf9914d854cf.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp331.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp331

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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  1. Epple, Dennis & Romer, Thomas, 1991. "Mobility and Redistribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 828-58, August.
  2. Jean Tirole & Roland Bénabou, 2006. "Incentives and Prosocial Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(5), pages 1652-1678, December.
  3. Javier Núnez & Roberto Gutiérrez, 2004. "Class discrimination and meritocracy in the labor market: evidence from Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 31(2 Year 20), pages 113-132, December.
  4. Corneo, Giacomo & Gruner, Hans Peter, 2002. "Individual preferences for political redistribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 83-107, January.
  5. Piketty, Thomas, 1998. "Self-fulfilling beliefs about social status," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 115-132, October.
  6. Bénabou, Roland & Ok, Efe A, 1998. "Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution: the POUM Hypothesis," CEPR Discussion Papers 1955, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  8. Loury, Glenn C, 1981. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 843-67, June.
  9. Vincenzo Quadrini, 1997. "Entrepreneurship, saving and social mobility," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 116, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  10. Krashinsky, Harry, 2007. "The impact of social mobility and within-family learning on voter preferences: Evidence from a sample of twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1-2), pages 97-116, February.
  11. Akerlof, George A & Dickens, William T, 1982. "The Economic Consequences of Cognitive Dissonance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 307-19, June.
  12. Roland Benabou & Jean Tirole, 2005. "Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics," NBER Working Papers 11208, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Fong, Christina, 2001. "Social preferences, self-interest, and the demand for redistribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 225-246, November.
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