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Class discrimination and meritocracy in the labor market: evidence from Chile

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Author Info

  • Javier Núnez
  • Roberto Gutiérrez

    ()

Abstract

This paper studies class discrimination and meritocracy in the Chilean labor market. Employing a dataset rich in productivity and class measures, we find that upper-class professionals earn approximately 50 per cent more than those raised in lower socioeconomic backgrounds. This gap is unrelated to differences in academic performance at university, second language proficiency, postgraduate studies, schools’ academic quality, geographic origin and other standard controls, which suggests some employer discrimination. This gap is larger than gaps reported elsewhere for gender, race and physical appearance. Meritocracy is modest, as the effect of socioeconomic background on earnings outweighs that of academic performance at university.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/6f998f18-0904-4997-acab-5545340ca62b.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 31 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2004 (December)
Pages: 113-132

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:31:y:2004:i:2:p:113-132

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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Related research

Keywords: Chile; Latin America; Discrimination; Meritocracy; Class; Earnings Differentials.;

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  1. Lawrence M. Kahn, 1992. "The effects of race on professional football players' compensation," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 45(2), pages 295-310, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Óscar Landerretche & Nicolás Lillo, 2011. "Percepciones sobre Movilidad Social y Meritocracia: Un Estudio para Chile Usando la Encuesta de Trabajo y Equidad," Working Papers wp331, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  2. Javier Núñez & Andrea Tartakowsky, 2007. "Inequality of outcomes vs. inequality of opportunities in a developing country. An exploratory analysis for Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 34(2 Year 20), pages 185-202, December.

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