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Reverse Technology Transfer: A Patent Citation Analysis of the European Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sectors

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Abstract

One consequence of the internationalisation of R&D, particularly in high-tech sectors such as chemicals and pharmaceuticals, may be the transfer of foreign technology from the multinational to other firms in its home country. This phenomenon, which may be termed inter-firm reverse technology transfer, has not yet been directly analysed by either the international management literature or the literature on foreign direct investment. But its implications for policy – particularly in Europe – may be significant. Drawing on the evolutionary theory of the multinational, and on the concept of embeddedness, this paper is a first attempt at addressing this issue. We test the hypothesis of inter-firm reverse technology transfer by performing a patent citation analysis on a database of USPTO patents applied for by 24 chemical and pharmaceutical companies over the period 1980-99. Our findings suggest that multinationals act as a channel for the transmission of knowledge developed abroad to other home country firms. These results point to an alternative understanding of foreign direct R&D investment and its implications for both the home country’s technological activity, and its competitive performance in general

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex in its series SPRU Working Paper Series with number 107.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sru:ssewps:107

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Keywords: Multinational firms; patent citation; embeddedness; international technology transfer;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Ambos, Tina C. & Ambos, Björn & Schlegelmilch, Bodo B., 2006. "Learning from foreign subsidiaries: An empirical investigation of headquarters' benefits from reverse knowledge transfers," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 294-312, June.
  2. Michel, Julie, 2007. "The effects of FDI in R&D on home countries, the case of Switzerland," MPRA Paper 6400, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Reinhard Haupt & Matthias Korgel, 2005. "A Comparison between US and International Patent Classification as Input Data of a Technology Competition-Oriented Cluster Analysis," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft 20/2005, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

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