International Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Swedish Patent Data
AbstractUsing references in Swedish patent data, we examine foreign technology sourcing in Swedish multidimensional enterprises (MNEs) and non-multinational small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The results show that both types of firms are more likely to make references to countries with large patent stocks and to countries that are located close to Sweden. Trade and FDI also seem to facilitate the transfer of foreign technology to Sweden. However, trade contacts seem to be more important for technology sourcing in SMEs than in MNEs. Outward FDI is a channel for the diffusion of foreign technology to both home-country MNEs and SMEs. Copyright 2000 by WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG
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Volume (Year): 53 (2000)
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