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Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors

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  • Sandrine Levasseur

    (OFCE)

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    Abstract

    Ce papier propose une revue synthétique du lien entre vieillissement, capacités cognitives, productivité et employabilité des seniors. Il s’agit notamment d’analyser comment les changements technologiques et organisationnels observés sur les dix dernières années — largement imputables à l’introduction de l’ordinateur au sein de l’entreprise — ont pu affecter la demande de travail envers les seniors. L’existence d’interactions complexes entre caractéristiques spécifiques à l’individu et celles spécifiques à l’entreprise explique l’absence de relation statistiquement significative entre productivité et âge du travailleur. Il apparaît cependant que des facteurs tels que le niveau et le type de formation initiale, mais aussi la motivation, sont des déterminants importants de l’employabilité du senior puisque conditionnant son adaptabilité à l’utilisation de nouvelles techniques et méthodes de production. À ce titre, le système d’incitations pour investir dans le capital humain joue un rôle important à la fois pour le senior et l’entreprise.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number 2008-16.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6144

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    4. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00178447 is not listed on IDEAS
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    16. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2009. "Le faible taux d'emploi des seniors," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00517121, HAL.
    17. Francesco Daveri & Mika Maliranta, 2007. "Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 22, pages 117-175, 01.
    18. Samia Benallah & Cindy Duc & François Legendre, 2008. "Peut-on expliquer le faible taux d'emploi des seniors en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 19-54.
    19. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, François & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2005. "Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 0513, CEPREMAP.
    20. Alexia Prskawetz & Thomas Fent, 2007. "Workforce Ageing And The Substitution Of Labour: The Role Of Supply And Demand Of Labour In Austria," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 95-126, 02.
    21. Bartel, Ann P & Sicherman, Nachum, 1993. "Technological Change and Retirement Decisions of Older Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages 162-83, January.
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