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Market Design for the Provision of Social Insurance: The Case of Disability and Survivors Insurance in Chile

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Author Info

  • Gonzalo Reyes

    ()
    (Studies Division, Chilean Pension Supervisor)

Abstract

As part of the pension reform recently approved in Chile, the government introduced a centralized auction mechanism to provide the Disability and Survivors (D&S) Insurance that covers recent contributors among the more than 8 million participants in the mandatory private pension system. This paper is intended as a case study presenting the main distortions found in the decentralized operation of the system that led to this reform and the challenges faced when designing a competitive auction mechanism to be implemented jointly by the Pension Fund Managers (AFP). When each AFP independently hired this insurance with an Insurance Company the process was not competitive, colligated companies ended up providing the service and distortions affected competition in the market through incentives to cream-skim members, efforts to block disability claims, lack of price transparency and the insurance contract acting as a barrier to entry. Cross-subsidies, inefficient risk pooling and regulatory arbitrage were also present. The Chilean experience is relevant since other privatized systems with decentralized provision of this insurance may show similar problems as they mature. A centralized auction mechanism solves these market failures, but also gives raise to new challenges, such as how to design a competitive auction that attracts participation and deters collusion. Design features that were incorporated in the regulation to tackle these issues are presented here. .

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File URL: http://www.spensiones.cl/redirect/files/doctrab/DT00037.pdf
File Function: Revised version, 2010
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Superintendencia de Pensiones in its series Working Papers with number 37.

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Date of creation: Feb 2010
Date of revision: Feb 2010
Handle: RePEc:sdp:sdpwps:37

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Web page: http://www.spensiones.cl/
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Related research

Keywords: Disability insurance; private pensions; market failure; auction design;

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References

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  1. Solange Berstein Jáuregui & Carolina Cabrita Felix, 2007. "Los determinantes de la elección de AFP en Chile: nueva evidencia a partir de datos individuales," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 34(1 Year 20), pages 53-72, June.
  2. Eduardo Saavedra & Manuel Willington, 2008. "Diseño de la Subasta Optima para el Seguro de Invalidez y Sobreviviencia en Chile," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv209, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  3. Klemperer, Paul, 2000. "What Really Matters in Auction Design," CEPR Discussion Papers 2581, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Gonzalo Reyes & Rubén Castro, 2008. "Medidas Pro-Competencia de la Reforma Previsional," Working Papers 29, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Dec 2008.
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Cited by:
  1. María Angélica Arbeláez & Jorge Humberto Botero & Alejandra González & Camila Salamanca, 2011. "Sostenibilidad del seguro previsional en Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009066, FEDESARROLLO.

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