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Research, Science, and Technology Parks: Vehicles for Technology Transfer

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  • Link, Albert N.

    ()
    (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)

  • Scott, John T.

    ()
    (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)

Abstract

Research, science, and technology parks are increasingly seen as a means to create dynamic clusters that accelerate economic growth and international competitiveness through the transfer of knowledge and technology. As such, it is important to understand the academic literature related to research, science, and technology parks (hereafter R-S-T parks, or simply parks) because that literature, albeit embryonic, has had and will continue to frame public policies related to park formations and growth. The purpose of this chapter is thus to overview the extant academic literature on knowledge and technology transfer to and from parks, and to discuss its importance to public policy issues.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 11-22.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 21 Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:uncgec:2011_022

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Keywords: Science park; Innovation; Public policy;

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References

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  1. Bronwyn H. Hall & Albert N. Link & John T. Scott, 2000. "Universities as Research Partners," NBER Working Papers 7643, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Bronwyn H. Hall, Albert N. Link and John T. Scott., 2000. "Barriers Inhibiting Industry from Partnering with Universities: Evidence from the Advanced Technology Program," Economics Working Papers, University of California at Berkeley E00-290, University of California at Berkeley.
  3. Westhead, Paul & Cowling, Marc, 1995. " Employment Change in Independent Owner-Managed High-Technology Firms in Great Britain," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 111-40, April.
  4. Paul Westhead & David Storey, 1997. "Financial constraints on the growth of high technology small firms in the United Kingdom," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 197-201.
  5. Michael Gallaher & Jeffrey Petrusa, 2006. "Innovation in the U.S. Service Sector," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(6), pages 611-628, November.
  6. Link, Albert N. & Scott, John T., 2011. "Public Goods, Public Gains: Calculating the Social Benefits of Public R&D," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199729685, October.
  7. Rothaermel, Frank T. & Thursby, Marie, 2005. "Incubator firm failure or graduation?: The role of university linkages," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1076-1090, September.
  8. Yang, Chih-Hai & Motohashi, Kazuyuki & Chen, Jong-Rong, 2009. "Are new technology-based firms located on science parks really more innovative?: Evidence from Taiwan," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 77-85, February.
  9. Siegel, Donald S. & Westhead, Paul & Wright, Mike, 2003. "Assessing the impact of university science parks on research productivity: exploratory firm-level evidence from the United Kingdom," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1357-1369, November.
  10. Rothaermel, Frank T. & Thursby, Marie, 2005. "University-incubator firm knowledge flows: assessing their impact on incubator firm performance," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 305-320, April.
  11. Mariagrazia Squicciarini, 2008. "Science Parks’ tenants versus out-of-Park firms: who innovates more? A duration model," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 45-71, February.
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