Inflation targeting in Brazil: what difference does a year make?
AbstractThe adoption of inflation targeting as a monetary policy strategy in Brazil was a convenient way to replace exchange rate rule by targeted inflation in an effort to anchor inflation expectations. This paper briefly evaluates the inflation target experience from three viewpoints: reasons behind the success, difficulties regarding forecasting and the risks ahead. It analyses the factors behind the success as well as the way initial doubts and a second round of mistrust were successfully dealt with. It looks at the empirical difficulties to estimate a reliable Demand Function and examines evidence on the persistence of high interest rates as captured by a Taylor rule. It points out to possible signaling problems in the transmission mechanism that might lead to a weakening of the confidence in the strategy in the future. Section 3 draws conclusions on risks that emerged together with favorable outcomes of the first year. There has been a substantial progress in the overall confidence in monetary policy's management. Inflation targeting has certainly played a relevant role in this gain. However, it looks like we have not got rid of the "thin ice economy" riding in the post-Real era, since dependence of inflation on foreign exchange availability is still high. Thus the Brazilian economy is still excessively dependent on international liquidity fluctuations. As it happened in the past six years, because of the combination of the size of interest rate movements with the persistence of effects, a double barrel destructive effect on investment and banking, good scenarios tend to be too good, and bad scenarios are seen as terrible for assets markets. An appendix note was written by Thomas Wu on the problem of finding a measurement of the output gap for the Brazilian economy.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 429.
Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2000
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225, 22453-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ
Phone: 021 35271078
Fax: 021 35271084
Web page: http://www.econ.puc-rio.br
More information through EDIRC
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2001-05-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-IFN-2001-05-02 (International Finance)
- NEP-MON-2001-05-02 (Monetary Economics)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Elaine Cristina de Piza & Joilson Dias, 2006. "Novo Consenso Macroeconômico E Política Monetária No Brasil: Uma Avaliação Empírica," Anais do XXXIV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 34th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 164, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.