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Exports versus Multinational Production under Nominal Uncertainty

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  • Logan Lewis

    (Federal Reserve Board)

Abstract

I consider the effects of nominal uncertainty on the decision firms face between exporting and multinational production. I develop a stochastic general equilibrium model of trade and multinational production and examine its implications under monetary uncertainty. If both exports and multinational production are priced in the local (destination) currency, the model implies that nominal uncertainty does not affect the relative decision. Because the vast majority of U.S. exports are priced in dollars, however, I consider an alternative model in which exports are producer-cost priced while multinational production is local-currency priced. In this model environment, an increase in foreign nominal volatility reduces multinational sales relative to exports. Intuitively, a foreign nominal contraction benefits an exporter through both the increased home-currency value of profits and the automatically lower prices faced by foreign consumers. Because multinational firms set their prices in the foreign currency, they do not benefit from the latter. I take the model's prediction to U.S. data, using inflation volatility as a proxy for nominal volatility. Using sectoral data on sales by majority-owned foreign affiliates matched with U.S. exports, I find that an increase in inflation volatility leads to a significantly lower ratio of multinational production to total foreign sales.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 223.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:223

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  1. Alfonso A. Irarrazabal & Luca David Opromolla, 2008. "A Theory of Entry and Exit into Exports Markets," Working Papers w200820, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  2. Aaron Brown, 2011. "Exorbitant Privilege: The Rise and Fall of the Dollar and the Future of the International Monetary System, by Barry Eichengreen," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(6), pages 825-826.
  3. Landry, Anthony, 2010. "State-dependent pricing, local-currency pricing, and exchange rate pass-through," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1859-1871, October.
  4. Gita Gopinath & Oleg Itskhoki & Roberto Rigobon, 2007. "Currency Choice and Exchange Rate Pass-through," NBER Working Papers 13432, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Kim J. Ruhl, 2008. "The International Elasticity Puzzle," Working Papers 08-30, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  6. V.V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 1998. "Can sticky price models generate volatile and persistent real exchange rates?," Staff Report 223, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. Cavallari Lilia, 2007. "A Macroeconomic Model of Entry with Exporters and Multinationals," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-32, September.
  8. Goldberg, Linda S & Kolstad, Charles D, 1995. "Foreign Direct Investment, Exchange Rate Variability and Demand Uncertainty," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 36(4), pages 855-73, November.
  9. Stefania Garetto & Jose Luis Fillat, 2010. "Risk, Returns, and Multinational Production," 2010 Meeting Papers 777, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Ramondo, Natalia & Rappoport, Veronica, 2010. "The role of multinational production in a risky environment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 240-252, July.
  11. Natalia Ramondo & Veronica Rappoport & Kim J. Ruhl, 2013. "The Proximity-Concentration Tradeoff under Uncertainty," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(4), pages 1582-1621.
  12. Russ, Katheryn Niles, 2007. "The endogeneity of the exchange rate as a determinant of FDI: A model of entry and multinational firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 344-372, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Lilia Cavallari & Stefano D'Addona, 2013. "Business cycle determinants of US foreign direct investments," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(10), pages 966-970, July.
  2. Cooke, Dudley, 2014. "Monetary shocks, exchange rates, and the extensive margin of exports," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 128-145.

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