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A Macroeconomic Model of Entry with Exporters and Multinationals

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Author Info

  • Cavallari Lilia

    ()
    (University of Rome III)

Abstract

This paper provides a framework for the analysis of firms' integration strategies that incorporates the endogenous determination of the number of firms that serve foreign markets through exports and the number of multinational firms that choose to engage in horizontal foreign direct investments. The aim of the study is to investigate how differences in firms' integration strategies affect the way productivity and monetary policy shocks spread their effects worldwide. Building on a general equilibrium model in the tradition of the new open economy macroeconomics with national and multinational enterprises, I find that firms' integration strategies play a key role in the international business cycle and they help explain a number of puzzling features in exchange rate data. The paper makes two main contributions. First, it provides an explanation of long-term deviations from purchasing power parity due to changes in the extensive margin of firms serving world markets via exporting and foreign investment that is novel in the literature. Second, it explores optimal monetary policy in a framework with endogenous trade and foreign investments, elucidating an interesting new trade-off between efficiency and volatility. My results show that monetary stabilization, by discouraging entry of new firms, might involve a policy trade-off between the desire to smooth fluctuations in producers' prices and the need to facilitate adjustments in consumers' prices.

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File URL: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bejm.2007.7.1/bejm.2007.7.1.1573/bejm.2007.7.1.1573.xml?format=INT
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.

Volume (Year): 7 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 (September)
Pages: 1-32

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:7:y:2007:i:1:n:32

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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com

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Cited by:
  1. Cavallari, Lilia, 2012. "Markups and Entry in a DSGE Model," MPRA Paper 41816, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Lilia Cavallari, 2010. "Firms?entry, monetary policy and the international business cycle," Working Papers 0210, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2010.
  3. Thomas A. Lubik & Katheryn N. Russ, 2012. "Exchange rate volatility in a simple model of firm entry and FDI," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue 1Q, pages 51-76.
  4. Claudia Busl & Marcus Kappler, 2013. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Synchronise Business Cycles? Results from a Panel Approach," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 23, WWWforEurope.
  5. Logan T. Lewis, 2011. "Exports versus multinational production under nominal uncertainty," International Finance Discussion Papers 1038, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  6. repec:fip:fedreq:y:2012:i:1q:p:51-76:n:vol.98no.1 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Cavallari, Lilia & D'Addona, Stefano, 2013. "Trade margins and exchange rate regimes: new evidence from a panel VAR," MPRA Paper 51585, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Cavallari, Lilia, 2010. "Exports and foreign direct investments in an endogenous-entry model with real and nominal uncertainty," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 300-313, March.
  9. Cavallari, Lilia, 2013. "A note on firm entry, markups and the business cycle," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 528-535.
  10. Cavallari, Lilia & D'Addona, Stefano, 2012. "Business cycle determinants of US foreign direct investments," MPRA Paper 43616, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Lilia Cavallari, 2012. "Modelling Entry Costs: Does It Matter For Business Cycle Transmission?," Working Papers 0712, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2012.

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