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The Role of Schools in the production of achievement

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  • Maria Eugenia Canon

    (University of Rochester)

Abstract

The estimates for the role of family inputs are in line to previous findings; they foster students achievement and there exists sensitive periods. The estimates of school inputs, contrary to what has been found in the literature, are also important for the formation of students’ skills. These results are robust to the assumption that savings are not a perfect proxy for students’ unobserved ability to learn. The estimates of the production function are used to compute counterfactual exercises. In particular, this paper evaluates what would happen if the inputs for black students are reassigned so that their inputs are the actual amount they receive plus the di¤erential that whites students receive. This exercise shows that equalizing home inputs would reduce the achievement gap by 15.4% while equalizing school inputs would do it in 8.7%. If instead inputs are altered only in 12th grade, home and school inputs have similar impact on students’achievement: school inputs would reduce the gap by 7.4% while home inputs would do it by 7.9%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2010 Meeting Papers with number 543.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:543

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References

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  1. James Heckman & Pedro Carneiro & Flavio Cunha, 2004. "The Technology of Skill Formation," 2004 Meeting Papers 681, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Mark Huggett & Gustavo Ventura & Amir Yaron, 2007. "Sources of Lifetime Inequality," Working Papers gueconwpa~07-07-04, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
  3. Ackerberg, Daniel & Lanier Benkard, C. & Berry, Steven & Pakes, Ariel, 2007. "Econometric Tools for Analyzing Market Outcomes," Handbook of Econometrics, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 63 Elsevier.
  4. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J & Masterov, Dimitriy V, 2005. "Labor Market Discrimination and Racial Differences in Premarket Factors," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(1), pages 1-39, April.
  5. Liu, Haiyong & Mroz, Thomas A. & van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 2010. "Maternal employment, migration, and child development," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 156(1), pages 212-228, May.
  6. Cunha, Flavio & Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance, 2006. "Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
  7. J. A. Hausman & W. K. Newey & J. L. Powel, 1988. "Nonlinear Errors in Variables: Estimation of Some Engel Curves," Working papers 504, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Maria E. Canon, 2011. "Out-of-school suspensions and parental involvement in children’s education," Working Papers 2011-022, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  2. Kuzey Yilmaz, 2014. "On the Importance of Fertility Behavior in School Finance Policy Design," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1403, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.

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