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Political budget cycles and social security budget increases in the Republic of Ireland, 1923-2005

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  • Cousins, Mel

Abstract

This paper examines social security increases in Ireland as a case study of the existence of political budget cycles in European countries. Ireland is an appropriate country to examine, first because it has a system of proportional representation and some studies suggest that proportional electoral systems are associated with expansions of welfare spending both before and after elections. Second, it is generally recognised that Irish political parties occupy the middle ground in terms of political ideology. Again studies would suggest that an absence of a strong ideological commitment to particular policies may make political budget cycles more likely. Utilising the distinctive nature of the public expenditure process in relation to welfare budget increases, this article examines the issue of whether or not a political budget cycle can be seen in Ireland in relation to social security expenditure. It draws a number of conclusions as to the existence and incidence of political budget cycles in an Irish context and also looks at whether political budget cycles have succeeded in their apparent objective i.e. securing election for the relevant political party.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5359.

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Date of creation: 26 Jun 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5359

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Keywords: Political budget cycle; welfare state; social security; public expenditure; Ireland;

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  1. Galli, Emma & Rossi, Stefania P S, 2002. " Political Budget Cycles: The Case of the Western German Lander," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 110(3-4), pages 283-303, March.
  2. Alberto Alesina & Gerald D. Cohen & Nouriel Roubini, 1991. "Macroeconomic Policy and Elections in OECD Democracies," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 3830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Dalen, H.P. van & Swank, O.H., 1996. "Government spending cycles: Ideological or opportunistic?," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3107371, Tilburg University.
  4. Brender, Adi & Drazen, Allan, 2005. "Political budget cycles in new versus established democracies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(7), pages 1271-1295, October.
  5. Gonzalez, Maria de los Angeles, 2002. "Do Changes in Democracy Affect the Political Budget Cycle? Evidence from Mexico," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 204-24, June.
  6. Akhmed Akhmedov & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2004. "Opportunistic Political Cycles: Test in A Young Democracy Setting," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 119(4), pages 1301-1338, November.
  7. Mark Mink & Jakob de Haan, 2005. "Has the Stability and Growth Pact Impeded Political Budget Cycles in the European Union?," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 1532, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Tujula, Mika & Wolswijk, Guido, 2004. "What determines fiscal balances? An empirical investigation in determinants of changes in OECD budget balances," Working Paper Series, European Central Bank 0422, European Central Bank.
  9. von Hagen, J├╝rgen, 2003. "Fiscal discipline and growth in Euroland: Experiences with the stability and growth pact," ZEI Working Papers, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn B 06-2003, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.
  10. Min Shi & Jakob Svensson, 2003. "Political Budget Cycles: A Review of Recent Developments," Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, vol. 29, pages 67-76.
  11. Marco Buti & Paul van den Noord, 2003. "Discretionary Fiscal Policy and Elections: The Experience of the Early Years of EMU," OECD Economics Department Working Papers, OECD Publishing 351, OECD Publishing.
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Cited by:
  1. Regan, Aidan, 2013. "The impact of the eurozone crisis on Irish social partnership : a political economy analysis," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 480595, International Labour Organization.

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