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University quality, interregional brain drain and spatial inequality. The case of Italy

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  • Ciriaci, Daria

Abstract

Universities are increasingly recognized as key driver of economic development through their role in knowledge production and human capital accumulation, and as attraction poles for talents. That is why this paper analyses the sequential migration behaviour of Italian students-graduates before their enrolment at university, and after graduation, and the role that university quality has in these choices. From a regional development perspective, a better understanding of the causes of Italian interregional brain drain may help to guide policy intervention aimed at reversing or partially compensating for its negative effects on the source regions. The results confirm ‘university quality’ as a «supply» tool for policy makers to counterbalance the negative effects of the brain drain on human capital accumulation.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/30015/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 30015.

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Date of creation: 06 Dec 2009
Date of revision: 31 Mar 2011
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30015

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Keywords: Brain-drain; labour mobility; university quality; regional economic disparities.;

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References

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  1. Miyagiwa, K., 1989. "Scale Economics In Education And The Brain Drain Problem," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 89-09, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
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  7. Tony Venables, 2003. "Spatial disparities in developing countries: cities, regions and international trade," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2038, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  8. Ciriaci D., 2005. "La fuga del capitale umano qualificato dal Mezzogiorno: un catching-up sempre più difficile," Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 2-3, pages 369-404.
  9. Kanbur, Ravi & Rapoport, Hillel, 2003. "Migration Selectivity And The Evolution Of Spatial Inequality," Working Papers 127769, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  10. Silvia Bacci & Bruno Chiandotto & Angelo Di Francia & silvia.ghiselli@almalaurea.it, 2008. "Graduates Job Mobility: A Longitudinal Analysis," Statistica, Department of Statistics, University of Bologna, vol. 68(3), pages 255-279.
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  13. Brunello, Giorgio & Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2008. "The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 564-574, October.
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  15. Kwok, Viem & Leland, Hayne, 1982. "An Economic Model of the Brain Drain," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 91-100, March.
  16. Alessandra Faggian & Philip McCann, 2009. "Human capital, graduate migration and innovation in British regions," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 317-333, March.
  17. Sterlacchini, Alessandro, 2008. "R&D, higher education and regional growth: Uneven linkages among European regions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(6-7), pages 1096-1107, July.
  18. Mixon, Franklin Jr & Hsing, Yu, 1994. "The determinants of out-of-state enrollments in higher education: A tobit analysis," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 329-335.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ciriaci, Daria & Muscio, Alessandro, 2010. "Does university choice drive graduates’ employability?," MPRA Paper 22527, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Andrea Cammelli, 2012. "Consolidamento ed eterogeneità nelle esperienze di studio dei laureati italiani," Working Papers 49, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
  3. Nifo, Annamaria & Pagnotta, Stefano & Scalera, Domenico, 2011. "The best and brightest. Selezione positiva e brain drain nelle migrazioni interne italiane
    [The best and brightest. Positive selection and brain drain in Italian internal migrations]
    ," MPRA Paper 34506, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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