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Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors are Reliably Important?

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  • Frank, Murray Z.
  • Goyal, Vidhan K.

Abstract

This paper examines the relative importance of many factors in the capital structure decisions of publicly traded American firms from 1950 to 2003. The most reliable factors for explaining market leverage are: median industry leverage (+ effect on leverage), market-to-book assets ratio (−), tangibility (+), profits (−), log of assets (+), and expected inflation (+). In addition, we find that dividend-paying firms tend to have lower leverage. When considering book leverage, somewhat similar effects are found. However, for book leverage, the impact of firm size, the market-to-book ratio, and the effect of inflation are not reliable. The empirical evidence seems reasonably consistent with some versions of the trade-off theory of capital structure.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22525.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2009
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Publication status: Published in Financial Management 1.38(2009): pp. 1-37
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22525

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Keywords: Capital structure; Pecking order; Tradeoff theory; market timing; multiple imputation.;

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