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The New Agenda for FDI: Evidence from South Korea and Germany

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  • Gilroy, Bernard Michael
  • Lukas, Elmar

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find reasonable explanations why cross-border acquisitions of foreign firms are often the preferred strategy to enter new markets. Furthermore, we formalize the choice of market entry strategy for an individual multinational enterprise (MNE) from a dynamic perspective. It is argued that, incorporating a suitable treatment irreversibility, uncertainty and flexibility related to an MNEs invetsment decision will show, that future investment opportunities play an important role when it comes to deciding whether to enter the new market via greenfield or acquisition. We also briefly discuss stylized facts given evidence from South Korea and Germany.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17970/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17970.

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Date of creation: Oct 2002
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17970

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Related research

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; multinational enterprise; sequential investments; entry mode; greenfield investments; cross-border acquisitions;

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References

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  1. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2001. "Foreign direct investment in developing countries: What policymakers should not do and what economists don't know," Kiel Discussion Papers 380, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  2. Alan J. Auerbach & Kevin Hassett & Joel Slemrod, 1993. "Taxation and Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: A Reconsideration of the Evidence," NBER Chapters, in: Studies in International Taxation, pages 119-148 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Berkovitch, Elazar & Narayanan, M. P., 1993. "Motives for Takeovers: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(03), pages 347-362, September.
  4. Myers, Stewart C., 1977. "Determinants of corporate borrowing," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 147-175, November.
  5. Mutinelli, Marco & Piscitello, Lucia, 1998. "The entry mode choice of MNEs: an evolutionary approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 491-506, September.
  6. Bruce Kogut, 1991. "Joint Ventures and the Option to Expand and Acquire," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 37(1), pages 19-33, January.
  7. Peter J Buckley & Mark C Casson, 1998. "Models of the Multinational Enterprise," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 29(1), pages 21-44, March.
  8. Buckley, Adrian & Tse, Kalun, 1996. "Real operating options and foreign direct investment: A synthetic approach," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 304-314, June.
  9. Andersson, Thomas & Svensson, Roger, 1994. " Entry Modes for Direct Investment Determined by the Composition of Firm-Specific Skills," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(4), pages 551-60.
  10. Jamuna Agarwal, 1980. "Determinants of foreign direct investment: A survey," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 116(4), pages 739-773, December.
  11. William H Davidson, 1980. "The Location of Foreign Direct Investment Activity: Country Characteristics and Experience Effects," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 11(2), pages 9-22, June.
  12. Sarianna Lundan & John Hagedoorn, 2001. "Alliances, Acquisitions and Multinational Advantage," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 229-242.
  13. Kogut, Bruce & Chang, Sea Jin, 1996. "Platform Investments and Volatility Exchange Rates: Direct Investment in the U.S. by Japanese Electronic Companies," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(2), pages 221-31, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Gilroy, Bernard Michael & Lukas, Elmar, 2004. "Optionen der Internationalisierung: Motive ausländischer Direktinvestitionen in einem neuen Licht
    [Options of internationalisation: motives for foreign direct invetsment in a new light]
    ," MPRA Paper 21539, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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