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A Study of Economic Outcome of Joint Forest Management Programme in West Bengal: The Strategic Decisions between Government and Forest Fringe Community

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  • Sarker, Debnarayan
  • Das, Nimai

Abstract

This paper attempts to find out the economic outcome of joint forest management (JFM) programme for forest fringe community belonging to marginal landholding, small landholding and landless agricultural households and government who jointly manage the forest protection activities based on a field survey in West Bengal. This empirical study suggests that the economic outcome of the JFM programme has been beneficial for both and this is due to the strict dominant cooperative strategy of community. Economically government was the worst sufferer for her restrictive policy. The higher economic outcome of the government is due to the cooperation of community whom government neglected earlier. However, cooperation yields an outcome preferred by both parties under JFM programme as they are able to negotiate before the start of the game and obtain binding commitments. This study also suggests that force or law can not effectively control the illegal collection of timber forest products for the poor agricultural households, which mainly depend on forest resources for livelihood security and that live below poverty line, until and unless a considerable increase in the income from legal forest products and forest wage income meet their livelihood security.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 14875.

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Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision: 2007
Publication status: Published in Indian Economic Review 1.43(2008): pp. 17-45
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:14875

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Keywords: Joint forest management programme; economic outcome; cooperative game; non-timber forest products.;

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References

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  1. Chichilnisky, Graciela, 1994. "North-South Trade and the Global Environment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 851-74, September.
  2. Sethi, Rajiv & Somanathan, E, 1996. "The Evolution of Social Norms in Common Property Resource Use," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 766-88, September.
  3. Jeff Dayton-Johnson & Pranab Bardhan, 2002. "Inequality And Conservation On The Local Commons: A Theoretical Exercise," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(481), pages 577-602, July.
  4. Fisher, Monica, 2004. "Household welfare and forest dependence in Southern Malawi," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 135-154, May.
  5. Theodore C. Bergstrom, 2002. "Evolution of Social Behavior: Individual and Group Selection," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(2), pages 67-88, Spring.
  6. Pattanayak, Subhrendu K. & Sills, Erin O. & Kramer, Randall A., 2004. "Seeing the forest for the fuel," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 155-179, May.
  7. Subhrendu K. Pattanayak & Erin O. Sills, 2001. "Do Tropical Forests Provide Natural Insurance? The Microeconomics of Non-Timber Forest Product Collection in the Brazilian Amazon," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(4), pages 595-612.
  8. Dasgupta,P. S. & Heal,G. M., 1985. "Economic Theory and Exhaustible Resources," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521297615, November.
  9. Sarker, Debnarayan & Das, Nimai, 2004. "Historical Relevance of Joint Forest Management Proggramme and the Key Elements of its Sustainability: An Evidence from Western Midnapore Division in West Bengal," MPRA Paper 14781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Gardner, Roy & Ostrom, Elinor, 1991. " Rules and Games," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 70(2), pages 121-49, May.
  11. Hirshlifer, David & Rassmusen, Eric, 1989. "Cooperation in a repeated prisoners' dilemma with ostracism," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 87-106, August.
  12. Fudenberg, Drew & Maskin, Eric, 1986. "The Folk Theorem in Repeated Games with Discounting or with Incomplete Information," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 533-54, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Das, Nimai, 2010. "Incidence of forest income on reduction of inequality: Evidence from forest dependent households in milieu of joint forest management," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(8), pages 1617-1625, June.
  2. Das, Nimai, 2009. "Understanding of Social Capital in Gender-based Participatory JFM Programme: An Evidence from West Bengal," MPRA Paper 15304, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Das, Nimai & Sarker, Debnarayan, 2008. "Distributional Aspect of Forest Income: A Study on JFM and non-JFM Forest Dependent Households," MPRA Paper 15330, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Das, Nimai & Sarker, Debnarayan, 2008. "Benefit Relationship between Owner and User of Common Pool Resource: Evidence from Joint Forest Management Programme in West Bengal," MPRA Paper 15327, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Das, Nimai, 2009. "Can Joint Forest Management Programme Sustain Rural Life: A Livelihood Analysis from Community-based Forest Management Groups," MPRA Paper 15305, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Das, Nimai & Sarker, Debnarayan, 2008. "Study on Forest Dependent Households under a Household Model Framework," MPRA Paper 15328, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Das, Nimai & Sarker, Debnarayan, 2008. "Moral Hazard Problem for Rural Labour Households under JFMP: A Study from Forest Dependent Groups in West Bengal," MPRA Paper 15230, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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