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Gender and Social Capital Mediated Technology Adoption

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  • Bantilan, MCS
  • Ravula, P
  • Parthasarathy, D
  • Gandhi, BVJ

Abstract

This study explores gender-differentiated benefits from the social capital buildup in technology uptake, and the decision-making patterns of men and women with respect to production, consumption and household task; and allocation of resources. The background research examined women’s role in developing social capital, and research developed a case study of the groundnut producing areas of Maharashtra in western India, and compared ‘with’ and ‘without’ technology situations, and ‘before’ and ‘after’ situations in relation to the package of groundnut production technology introduced in the region in 1987. The paper addresses three aspects: (1) social networks in technology adoption, (2) the gender-based activity pattern, and (3) build-up of social capital leading to improvements in the welfare of farmers and the farming community with a gender perspective. Available evidence suggests substantial differences in networks of men and women, particularly in composition. The evidence suggests that men belong to more formal networks reflecting their employment or occupation status, while women have more informal networks that are centered on family and kin. Findings show that women who are engaged in agriculture and allied activities develop bonding social capital characterized by strong bonds such as that found among family members or among members of an ethnic group. Men who are engaged in agriculture, on the other hand, develop bridging social capital characterized by weaker, less dense but more crosscutting ties such as with farmers, acquaintances, friends from different ethnic groups and friends of friends. Women’s employment opportunities significantly improved with the introduction of technology. Finally, the study concludes that while technology development and exchange can build upon social capital as a means of empowering women, much more needs to be learned about the approaches that foster build-up of social capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10627.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10627

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  1. Ifpri, 2005. "Women: still the key to food and nutrition security," Issue briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 33, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Durlauf,S.N., 1999. "The case "against" social capital," Working papers, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems 29, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  3. Morris, Michael L. & Doss, Cheryl R., 1999. "How Does Gender Affect The Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations? The Case Of Improved Maize Technology In Ghana," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) 21609, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Adato, Michelle & Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela, 2002. "Assessing the impact of agricultural research on poverty using the sustainable livelihoods framework," FCND briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 128, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Haddad, Lawrence & Hoddinott, John & Alderman, Harold & DEC, 1994. "Intrahousehold resource allocation : an overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1255, The World Bank.
  6. Kerr, John M. & Kolavalli, Shashi, 1999. "Impact of agricultural research on poverty alleviation: conceptual framework with illustrations from the literature," EPTD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 56, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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