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Computational Results on Membership in R&D Cooperation Networks: To Be or Not To Be in a Research Joint Venture

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Author Info

  • Duarte Leite

    ()
    (LIAAD – INESC, LA, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

  • Pedro Campos

    ()
    (LIAAD – INESC, LA, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

  • Isabel Mota

    ()
    (CEF.UP, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

In this study, we analyze firms’ membership in R&D (Research and Development) cooperation networks. Our main research hypothesis is that the membership in cooperation networks is related to the degree of the knowledge spillover. The approach focus on both cost symmetry and cost asymmetry. For that purpose, our work is developed in two tasks: we first develop an analytical model with three stages: in the first, firms decide whether to participate in a cooperative research network; in the second they simultaneously choose the level of R&D output, and finally firms choose the level of output through Cournot competition under both cost symmetry and cost asymmetry. Then we proceed with computational simulations in order to verify our hypothesis. From our results, we were able to conclude that cooperation leads to an improvement on RJV firms’ position in the market as it allows them to produce more than others with the same production conditions. Additionally, cooperating firms have to spend fewer resources on research, which turns the network a tremendous success on the productive efficiency level.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series FEP Working Papers with number 420.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:420

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Keywords: R&D; networks; spillover; simulation; RJV;

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References

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  1. Atallah, G., 2000. "Information Sharing and the Stability of Cooperation in Research Joint Ventures," Cahiers de recherche, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ 2000-17, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  2. Aschhoff, Birgit & Schmidt, Tobias, 2006. "Empirical evidence on the success of R&D co-operation: Happy together?," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 06-59, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. d'Aspremont, Claude & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1988. "Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in Duopoly with Spillovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 78(5), pages 1133-37, December.
  4. Nicolas CARAYOL (BETA) & Pascale ROUX (GRES-LEREPS), 2003. "Self-Organizing Innovation Networks: When do Small Worlds Emerge?," Cahiers du GRES, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales 2003-08, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  5. AMIR, Rabah & WOODERS, John, 1997. "One-way spillovers, endogenous innovator/imitator roles and research joint ventures," CORE Discussion Papers, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) 1997027, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  6. Amir, Rabah & Evstigneev, Igor & Wooders, John, 2003. "Noncooperative versus cooperative R&D with endogenous spillover rates," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 183-207, February.
  7. Cellini, Roberto & Lambertini, Luca, 2009. "Dynamic R&D with spillovers: Competition vs cooperation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 568-582, March.
  8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:12:y:2005:i:18:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1995. "Equilibrium and Optimal Size of a Research Joint Venture in an Oligopoly with Spillovers," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(2), pages 209-26, June.
  10. Kamien, Morton I. & Zang, Israel, 2000. "Meet me halfway: research joint ventures and absorptive capacity," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(7), pages 995-1012, October.
  11. Gamal Atallah, 2007. "Research Joint Ventures with Asymmetric Spillovers and Symmetric Contributions," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(7), pages 559-586.
  12. Gamal Atallah, 2005. "Research Joint Ventures Cartelization with Asymmetric R&D Spillovers," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 12(18), pages 1-11.
  13. Bruno Cassiman & Reinhilde Veugelers, 2002. "R&D Cooperation and Spillovers: Some Empirical Evidence from Belgium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 1169-1184, September.
  14. Suzumura, Kotaro, 1992. "Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in an Oligopoly with Spillovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(5), pages 1307-20, December.
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