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Understanding the 'Healthy Immigrant Effect' in Canada

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  • Catherine Deri

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

Abstract

The ‘Healthy Immigrant Effect’ (HIE), as it is dubbed in the social science literature, is the finding that recent immigrants are healthier than the average locally born resident but that over time this health advantage declines. In the existing literature, this phenomenon is documented using only cross section data. The limiting problem with drawing conclusions about immigrant health dynamics from a cross section alone is that a researcher cannot separately identify changes in health with each year that an immigrant spends in a host country from fixed differences between entry cohorts. In this paper, I exploit the panel nature of the Canadian National Population Health Survey to document the HIE using four measures of health including both subjective and objective measures. I find evidence of the HIE, for all measures of health I consider. Further, interesting patterns emerge for different cuts of the data. Age at immigration and sex matter. The HIE is a phenomenon affecting only those that immigrate at older ages. As well, I find that the HIE affects both men and women, but the effects are found in different measures of health

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0502E.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0502e

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Related research

Keywords: Immigration; Health;

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References

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  1. Ekholm, Karolina & Torstensson, Johan, 1996. "High-Technology Subsidies in General Equilibrium: A Sector-Specific Approach," Working Paper Series 467, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Isabel Busom, 2000. "An Empirical Evaluation of The Effects of R&D Subsidies," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 111-148.
  3. Stephen Martin & John T. Scott, 1999. "The Nature of Innovation Market Failure and the Design of Public Support for Private Innovation," CIE Discussion Papers 1999-02, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Industrial Economics.
  4. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1998. "R&D Competition in a Mixed Duopoly under Uncertainty and Easy Imitation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 415-428, September.
  5. Minoru Kitahara & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2006. "Realized Cost-Based Subsidies For Strategic R&D Investments With "Ex Ante" And "Ex Post" Asymmetries," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 57(3), pages 438-448.
  6. Klette, T.J. & Moen, J. & Griliches, Z., 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies," Papers 16/99, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  7. Lakdawalla, Darius & Sood, Neeraj, 2004. "Social insurance and the design of innovation incentives," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 57-61, October.
  8. Miyagiwa, Kaz & Ohno, Yuka, 2002. "Uncertainty, spillovers, and cooperative R&D," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 855-876, June.
  9. Petrakis, Emmanuel & Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 2002. "R&D Subsidies versus R&D Cooperation in a Duopoly with Spillovers and Pollution," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1), pages 37-52, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Antecol, Heather & Bedard, Kelly, 2005. "Unhealthy Assimilation: Why Do Immigrants Converge to American Health Status Levels?," IZA Discussion Papers 1654, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Farré, Lídia, 2013. "New Evidence on the Healthy Immigrant Effect," IZA Discussion Papers 7840, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Monika Sander, 2008. "Changes in Immigrants' Body Mass Index with Their Duration of Residence in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 122, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

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