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Trade liberalisation, adoption costs, and import margins in CEEC and OECD trade

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Author Info

  • Richard Frensch

    ()
    (Osteuropa-Institut, Regensburg (Institut for East European Studies))

Abstract

Within a standard gravity framework I explore the impact of country size and trade liberalisation on extensive and intensive margins of imports across broad categories of goods. This allows testing hypotheses from two distinct strands of the trade literature, i.e., vertical integration versus trade in technology goods. First, there is evidence in favour of a unilateral complement to Yi’s (2003) claim that vertical integration magnifies the trade effect of multilateral trade liberalisation: I find a substantially stronger than average impact of unilateral trade liberalisation on imports of vertically integrated intermediate goods along both extensive and intensive margins. On the contrary, I find no evidence in favour of Romer’s (1994) hypothesis of fixed costs of technology adoption when the state of technology is operationalised as the variety of capital goods. Results are robust to the measurement of trade liberalisation, to extending the product space allowing for national product differentiation, to sample composition, and to varying the gravity framework according to Baldwin and Taglioni (2006).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies) in its series Working Papers with number 269.

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Length: 48
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in Emerging Markets Finance & Trade 46, 3, May-June 2010, pp. 4-22, and as "A Note on Extensive Import Margins and Technology Adoption" in Journal of International and Global Economic Studies 2, 1, June 2009, pp. 46-56
Handle: RePEc:ost:wpaper:269

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Keywords: Gravity; product variety; vertical integration; technology adoption;

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References

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  1. Tkachuk, Oleksandr & Popko, Denis, 2007. "On the patterns of trade convergence in European transition countries," MPRA Paper 14109, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Kohler, Wilhelm K., 2006. "Exploring the intensive and extensive margins of world trade," Munich Reprints in Economics 20610, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  3. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  9. Romer, Paul, 1994. "New goods, old theory, and the welfare costs of trade restrictions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 5-38, February.
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  14. Frensch, Richard & Gaucaite Wittich, Vitalija, 2009. "Product variety and technical change," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 242-257, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Echazu, Luciana, 2009. "Product differentiation, firm heterogeneity and international trade: Exploring the Alchian-Allen effect," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 95-101, June.
  2. Peter McQuade, 2010. "The Evolution of International Trade on the Extensive and Intensive Margins," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp325, IIIS, revised Apr 2010.

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