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Recent Developments in Asian Economic Integration: Measuring Indicators of Trade Integration and Fragmentation

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  • Kiichiro Fukasaku
  • Bo Meng
  • Norihiko Yamano

Abstract

This paper analyses the contribution to and engagement in global supply chains of Asian emerging economies by measuring several globalisation indicators based on the harmonised input-output and bilateral trade databases developed by the OECD. It focuses on major structural changes in the Asian trade network from the perspective of integration and fragmentation in global supply chains. It shows that greater fragmentation and higher dependence on supplies of intermediate goods and services from neighbouring countries have gone hand-in-hand and led to deepening economic integration between ASEAN and East Asia. ASEAN policy makers, therefore, need to consider their integration strategies from the perspective of the whole East Asian region and not just among ASEAN countries themselves. L'évolution récente de l'intégration économique en asie : La mesure de l'intégration des échanges et de la fragmentation Ce document analyse la contribution et la participation des économies asiatiques émergentes et en développement aux chaînes d’approvisionnement mondiales, en mesurant plusieurs indicateurs de la mondialisation établis d’après la base de données entrées-sorties et la base de données sur les échanges bilatéraux constituées par l’OCDE, après leur harmonisation. Il porte en particulier sur les évolutions structurelles majeures intervenues dans les échanges intra-asiatiques, sous l’angle de l’intégration et de la fragmentation dans les chaînes d’approvisionnement mondiales. Il démontre que l’intensification de la fragmentation et la dépendance accrue vis-à-vis des approvisionnements en biens intermédiaires et en services auprès de pays voisins sont allées de pair avec le renforcement, qu’elles ont d’ailleurs entraîné, de l’intégration économique au sein de l’ANASE et en Asie de l’Est. Les résultats présentés dans ce document, qui s’appuient sur des données concrètes, ont des répercussions significatives sur les stratégies d’intégration économique régionale mises en oeuvre dans la région Asie-Pacifique. Les pays membres de l’ANASE doivent en particulier envisager leur stratégie de renforcement de l’intégration à l’échelle de l’Asie de l’Est dans son ensemble, et pas uniquement à celle de l’ANASE à proprement parler.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2011/3.

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Date of creation: 12 Dec 2011
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Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2011/3-en

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  1. Dong Guo & Colin Webb & Norihiko Yamano, 2009. "Towards Harmonised Bilateral Trade Data for Inter-Country Input-Output Analyses: Statistical Issues," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2009/4, OECD Publishing.
  2. Koen De Backer & Norihiko Yamano, 2007. "The Measurement of Globalisation using International Input-Output Tables," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2007/8, OECD Publishing.
  3. Byron Gangnes & Ari Van Assche, 2010. "Global Production Networks in Electronics and Intra-Asian Trade," LICOS Discussion Papers, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven 25710, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  4. Norihiko Yamano & Nadim Ahmad, 2006. "The OECD Input-Output Database: 2006 Edition," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2006/8, OECD Publishing.
  5. Capannelli, Giovanni & Lee, Jong-Wha & Petri, Peter, 2009. "Developing Indicators for Regional Economic Integration and Cooperation," Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration 33, Asian Development Bank.
  6. Ecochard, Pierre & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Zignago, Soledad, 2005. "Intra-industry trade and regional integration," MPRA Paper 44182, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Kimura, Fukunari & Ando, Mitsuyo, 2005. "Two-dimensional fragmentation in East Asia: Conceptual framework and empirics," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 317-348.
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Cited by:
  1. Meng, Bo & Wang, Zhi & Koopman, Robert, 2013. "How are global value chains fragmented and extended in China's domestic production networks?," IDE Discussion Papers, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) 424, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).

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