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Foreign Ownership and Wages in the United States, 1987 - 1992

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  • Zadia Feliciano
  • Robert E. Lipsey

Abstract

Foreign-owned establishments in the United States pay higher wages, on average, than domestically-owned establishments. Much of the difference is related to industry composition, but there are also differences within industries within states, 5-7 percent in manufacturing and 9-10 percent in other industries. Within manufacturing, the difference can all be related to establishment, state, and industry characteristics, but in other industries, a substantial difference in average wages in favor of foreign establishments remains even when these other determinants of wages are taken into account. Within manufacturing, the extent of foreign ownership in an industry in a state had no impact on wages in 1987 when these other factors were taken into account, but it was associated with higher wages in 1992. Outside of manufacturing, higher foreign ownership was associated with higher wages in both years, and in 1992, even with higher-wages in domestically-owned establishments. Outside of manufacturing, larger increases in foreign ownership in an industry in a state between 1987 and 1992 were associated with larger increases in average wages. The wage effect was confined to the foreign-owned establishments themselves.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6923.

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Date of creation: Feb 1999
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Publication status: published as Feliciano, Zadia M. and Robert E. Lipsey. "Foreign Ownerhsip, Wages, And Wage Changes In U.S. Industries, 1987-92," Contemporary Economic Policy, 2006, v24(1,Jan), 74-91.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6923

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References

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  1. Edward M. Graham & Paul Krugman, 1995. "Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, 3rd Edition," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 52.
  2. Aitken, Brian & Harrison, Ann & Lipsey, Robert E., 1996. "Wages and foreign ownership A comparative study of Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-4), pages 345-371, May.
  3. Robert E. Lipsey, 1994. "Foreign-Owned Firms and U.S. Wages," NBER Working Papers 4927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Pfaffermayr, Michael & Bellak, Christian, 2000. "Why foreign-owned firms are different : a conceptual framework and empirical evidence for Austria," HWWA Discussion Papers 115, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  2. Earle, John S. & Telegdy, Álmos, 2007. "Ownership and Wages: Estimating Public-Private and Foreign-Domestic Differentials Using LEED from Hungary, 1986–2003," IZA Discussion Papers 3125, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Nathalie Havet, 2006. "La valorisation salariale et professionnelle de la formation en entreprise diffère-t-elle selon le sexe ? : l'exemple canadien," Post-Print halshs-00142878, HAL.
  4. Robert Feenstra & Gordon Hanson, 2001. "Global Production Sharing and Rising Inequality: A Survey of Trade and Wages," NBER Working Papers 8372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. John S. Earle & Almos Telegdy, 2009. "Ownership and Wages: Estimating Publi-Private and Foreign-Domestic Differentials with LEED from Hungary, 1986 to 2003," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers, in: Stefan Bender & Julia Lane & Kathryn Shaw & Fredrick Andersson & till von Wachter (ed.), The Analysis of Firms and Employees: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, pages 229-252 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  6. Neil Foster-McGregor & Anders Isaksson & Florian Kaulich, 2013. "Foreign Ownership and Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan African Firms," wiiw Working Papers 99, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  7. Konings, Jozef, 2004. "The employment effects of foreign direct investment," EIB Papers 4/2004, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  8. Eckhardt Bode & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2007. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Regional Development in Developed Countries? A Markov Chain Approach for US States," Kiel Working Papers 1374, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  9. Martyn Andrews, & Lutz Bellmann, & Thorsten Schank, & Richard Upward, . "The takeover and selection effects of foreign ownership in Germany: an analysis using linked worker-firm data," Discussion Papers 07/08, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  10. Greenaway, David & Nelson, Douglas, 2000. "The Assessment: Globalization and Labour-Market Adjustment," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(3), pages 1-11, Autumn.
  11. John S. Earle & Almos Telegdy, 2007. "Ownership and Wages: Estimating Public-Private and Foreign-Domestic Differentials with LEED from Hungary, 1986–2003," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 07-134, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  12. Rita Almeida, 2004. "The labor market effects of foreign-owned firms," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3300, The World Bank.
  13. Sándor Csengodi & Rolf Jungnickel & Dieter Urban, 2005. "Foreign Taleovers and Wages: Theory and Evidence from Hungary," Development Working Papers 208, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  14. Dierk Herzer & Philipp Hühne & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2012. "FDI and Income Inequality - Evidence from Latin American Economies," Kiel Working Papers 1791, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  15. Almeida, Rita K., 2003. "The Effects of Foreign Owned Firms on the Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 785, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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