Immigrant Group Size and Political Mobilization: Evidence from European Migration to the United States
AbstractThis paper investigates the determinants of political mobilization for immigrants to the United States. I use newly assembled data on ethnic enclaves in American cities to explore how immigrant group size influences the political behavior of immigrants, focusing on their decision to become naturalized citizens at a time when the United States maintained an open border and citizenship conferred only voting rights. I find that immigrants were more likely to become politically mobilized as their ethnic group’s share of the local electorate grew relatively larger, peaking at about one fifth electorate share and declining subsequently. I show this effect is driven by political mobilization of immigrants in places where the Democratic Party likely needed their vote to win elections and where immigrants had established social networks.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18827.
Date of creation: Feb 2013
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- N31 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-03-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2013-03-16 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-MIG-2013-03-16 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-POL-2013-03-16 (Positive Political Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-03-16 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Sweetman, Arthur & van Ours, Jan C., 2014.
"Immigration: What about the Children and Grandchildren?,"
IZA Discussion Papers
7919, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Sweetman, A. & Ours, J.C. van, 2014. "Immigration: What About the Children and Grandchildren?," Discussion Paper 2014-009, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
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