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Women's Rights and Development

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  • Raquel Fernández

Abstract

Why has the expansion of women's economic and political rights coincided with economic development? This paper investigates this question, focusing on a key economic right for women: property rights. The basic hypothesis is that the process of development (i.e., capital accumulation and declining fertility) exacerbated the tension in men's conflicting interests as husbands versus fathers, ultimately resolving them in favor of the latter. As husbands, men stood to gain from their privileged position in a patriarchal world whereas, as fathers, they were hurt by a system that afforded few rights to their daughters. The model predicts that declining fertility would hasten reform of women's property rights whereas legal systems that were initially more favorable to women would delay them. The theoretical relationship between capital and the relative attractiveness of reform is non-monotonic but growth inevitably leads to reform. I explore the empirical validity of the theoretical predictions by using cross-state variation in the US in the timing of married women obtaining property and earning rights between 1850 and 1920.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 15355.

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Date of creation: Sep 2009
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15355

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Cited by:
  1. Graziella Bertocchi, 2008. "The Enfranchisement of Women and the Welfare State," Discussion Papers, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy 4_2008, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
  2. Duflo, Esther, 2012. "Women's Empowerment and Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8734, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Naghsh Nejad, Maryam, 2013. "Institutionalized Inequality and Brain Drain: An Empirical Study of the Effects of Women's Rights on the Gender Gap in High-Skilled Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 7864, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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