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The American Invasion of Europe: The Long Term Rise in Overseas Travel, 1820-2000

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  • Brandon Dupont
  • Alka Gandhi
  • Thomas J. Weiss

Abstract

Tourism today is an activity of substantial economic importance worldwide, and has been for some time. Tourism is also of substantial economic importance in the United States, sufficient to warrant the Bureau of Economic Analysis's establishing special accounts on travel and tourism. In this paper we investigate the long term rise in overseas travel by Americans. Over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the number of Americans going abroad rose from less than 2,000 travelers to over 26 million. The industry went from one confined to the elite of American society to what some have described as mass tourism. We document this rise by compiling a long term series on overseas travel, and describe the changes in the composition of the travelers, their destinations, and their mode of travel. We use an Error Correction Model to explain how the increase came about.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 13977.

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Date of creation: May 2008
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Publication status: published as The long-term rise in overseas travel by Americans, 1820–20001 BRANDON DUPONT1, ALKA GANDHI2, THOMAS WEISS3,‡ Article first published online: 6 JUN 2011 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0289.2011.00610.x © Economic History Society 2011 Issue The Economic History Review The Economic History Review Volume 65, Issue 1, pages 144–167, February 2012
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13977

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  1. Dora L. Costa, 1997. "Less of a Luxury: The Rise of Recreation since 1888," NBER Working Papers 6054, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Brandon Dupont & Alka Gandhi & Thomas Weiss, 2009. "Fluctuations in Overseas Travel by Americans, 1820 to 2000," NBER Working Papers 14847, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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