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Foreign Direct Investment and Bilateral Investment Treaties an International Political Perspective

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  • Rodolphe Desbordes

    ()
    (IRES-UCL et University of Strathclyde)

  • Vincent Vicard

    ()
    (Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne)

Abstract

Most of the literature dealing with the location of foreign direct investment (FDI) has ignored the fact that multinational enterprises (MME) are not stateless and that their activities take place within an international political system : the return on their FDI can be influenced by the quality of interstate political relations between their home and host countries. This paper investigates whether the quality of interstate political relations between countries influences the volume of bilateral FDI. Thanks to the construction of a new indicator of the quality of interstate political relations, it is found that better interstate political relations foster bilateral FDI, through the signature of a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) may dampen the impact of their fluctuations. In addition, the effect of a variation in the quality of domestic institutions increases with the entry into force of a BIT, suggesting that the latter signals the credibility of an institutional improvement. Overall, when both indirect effects are considered, the entry into force of a BIT increases bilateral FDI stocks by 16%, on average, a lower impact than those found in previous studies. This effect nevertheless significantly differs according to the quality of both interstate political relations and domestic institutions.

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Paper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number bla07045.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:bla07045

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Keywords: Foreign direct investment; interstate political relations; bilateral investment treaties; institutions.;

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Cited by:
  1. Davies, Ronald B. & Norbäck, Pehr-Johan & Tekin-Koru, Ayça, 2010. "The Effect of Tax Treaties on Multinational Firms: New Evidence from Microdata," Working Paper Series 833, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Chang Hoon Oh & Michele Fratianni, 2010. "Do Additional Bilateral Investment Treaties Boost Foreign Direct Investments?," Working Papers 2010-04, Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy.
  3. Wasseem MIchel Mina, 2010. "Institutional Reforms Debate and FDI Flows to MENA Region: Does One “Best” Fit All?," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1034, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  4. Dalila Nicet-Chenaf & Eric Rougier, 2014. "Source and host country volatility and FDI: A gravity analysis of European investment to Middle East and North Africa," Working Papers hal-00985795, HAL.
  5. Wasseem Mina, 2013. "Beyond FDI: The Influence of Bilateral Investment Treaties on Debt," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1325, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  6. Nikolaos Antonakakis & Gabriele Tondl, 2011. "Do determinants of FDI to developing countries differ among OECD investors? Insights from Bayesian Model Averaging," FIW Working Paper series 076, FIW.
  7. Kamel ABDELLAH ( GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113 & ISG, UNIVERSITE DE TUNIS) & Dalila NICET-CHENAF (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Eric ROUGIER (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "FDI and macroeconomic volatility: A close-up on the source countries," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-21, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  8. Mina, Wasseem Michel, 2012. "The Institutional Reforms Debate and FDI Flows to the MENA Region: The “Best” Ensemble," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1798-1809.

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