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A Phoenix in Flames? Portfolio Choice and Violence in Civil War in Rural Burundi

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Author Info

  • Eleonora Nillesen

    ()
    (Wageningen University)

  • Philip Verwimp

    ()
    (University of Antwerp)

Abstract

This paper challenges the idea that farmers revert to subsistence farming when confronted with violence from civil war. While there is an emerging macroeconomic consensus that wars are detrimental to development, we find contrasting microeconomic evidence. Using several rounds of (panel) data at the farm and community level, we find that farmers in Burundi who are confronted with civil war violence in their home communities increase export and cash crop growing activities, invest more in public goods and reveal higher levels subjective welfare evaluations. We interpret this in the light of similar recent micro-level evidence that points to post-traumatic growth effects after (civil) warfare. Our results are confirmed across specifications as well as in robustness analyses.

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File URL: http://www.microconflict.eu/publications/RWP25_EN_PV.pdf
File Function: First version, 2010
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict in its series Research Working Papers with number 25.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mcn:rwpapr:25

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Keywords: Civil war; investment; post-traumatic growth;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Bozzoli & Tilman Brück & Tony Muhumuza, 2011. "Activity Choices of Internally Displaced Persons and Returnees: Quantitative Survey Evidence from Post-War Northern Uganda," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1134, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Tilman Brück & Patricia Justino & Philip Verwimp & Alexandra Avdeenko, 2010. "Identifying Conflict and Violence in Micro-Level Surveys," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 38, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Tilman Brück & Patricia Justino & Philip Verwimp & Andrew Tedesco, 2013. "Measuring Conflict Exposure in Micro-Level Surveys," HiCN Working Papers 153, Households in Conflict Network.

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