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Pollution, Economic Development and Democracy: Evidence from the MENA countries

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Author Info

  • Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

    ()
    (University of Marburg)

  • Gunther Markwardt

    ()
    (University of Dresden)

Abstract

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries are among the world's top emitters of CO2 and SO2 in per capita terms. The objective of this paper is to analyze whether investing in the democratic development of these countries is an e ective tool to make the economic growth in this region more environmentally compatible. Arguing on the basis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis and using panel data on the income-emissiondemocracy nexus, we nd evidence that improvements in the democratic development of the MENA countries help to mitigate environmental problems. Our results clearly show, that the quality of democratic institutions has a greater in uence on local environmental problems than on global environmental issues in the MENA region.

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File URL: https://www.uni-marburg.de/fb02/makro/forschung/magkspapers/27-2012_farzanegan.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung) in its series MAGKS Papers on Economics with number 201227.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in
Handle: RePEc:mar:magkse:201227

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Keywords: democratic development; political institutions; environmental quality; MENA;

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Cited by:
  1. Buehn, Andreas & Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza, 2013. "Hold your breath: A new index of air pollution," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 104-113.

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