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Transportation, freight rates, and economic geography

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  • Kristian Behrens

    ()
    (Canada Research Chair, Department of Economics, Universite du Quebec a Montreal (uqam))

  • Pierre M. Picard

    ()
    (crea, Universite du Luxembourg, Luxembourg; and core, Universite catholique de Louvain, Belgium)

Abstract

We investigate the role of competitive transport markets in shaping the location of economic activity and the pattern of trade. In our model, carriers supply transport services for shipping man- ufactured goods, and freight rates are set to clear transport markets. Each carrier must commit to the maximum capacity for a round-trip and thus faces a logistics problem as there are opportunity costs of returning empty. These costs increase the freight rates charged to firms located in regions that are net exporters of manufactured goods. Since demand for transport services depends on the spatial distribution of economic activity, the concentration of production in one region raises freight rates to serve foreign markets from there, thus working against specialization and the agglomera- tion of firms. Consequently, a more even spatial distribution of firms and production prevails at equilibrium when freight rates are endogenously determined than when they are assumed to be exogenous as in the literature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg in its series CREA Discussion Paper Series with number 11-02.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:luc:wpaper:11-02

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Cited by:
  1. Panayides, Photis M. & Lambertides, Neophytos & Cullinane, Kevin, 2013. "Liquidity risk premium and asset pricing in US water transportation," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 3-15.
  2. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2013. "Which Firms are Left in the Periphery? - Spatial Sorting of Heterogeneous Firms with Scale Economies in Transportation," Research Papers in Economics 2013:9, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  3. Gábor Békés & Lionel Fontagné & Balázs Muraközy & Vincent Vicard, 2012. "How frequently firms export? Evidence from France," Working Papers 2012-06, CEPII research center.
  4. Gabor Békés & Lionel Gérard Fontagné & Balazs Murakozy & Vincent Vicard, 2014. "Shipment Frequency of Exporters and Demand Uncertainty," CESifo Working Paper Series 4734, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Duranton, Gilles & Morrow, Peter & Turner, Matthew A, 2013. "Roads and Trade: Evidence from the US," CEPR Discussion Papers 9393, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Joern Kleinert & Julia Spies, 2011. "Endogenous Transport Costs in International Trade," IAW Discussion Papers 74, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  7. Andreou, Panayiotis C. & Louca, Christodoulos & Panayides, Photis M., 2012. "Valuation effects of mergers and acquisitions in freight transportation," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(6), pages 1221-1234.
  8. Tanaka, Kiyoyasu & Tsubota, Kenmei, 2014. "Directional imbalance of freight rates : evidence from Japanese inter-prefectural data," IDE Discussion Papers 441, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  9. Noriaki Matsushima & Kazuhiro Takauchi, 2013. "Port Privatization in an International Oligopoly," ISER Discussion Paper 0864, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.

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