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Identity and entrepreneurship: Do school peers shape entrepreneurial intentions?

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  • Falck, Oliver
  • Heblich, Stephan
  • Lüdemann, Elke

Abstract

We incorporate the concept of social identity into entrepreneurship and analyze the determinants of having entrepreneurial intentions. We argue that an entrepreneurial identity results from an individual’s socialization. This could be parental influence but, as argued in this paper, also peer influence. Based on Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006 data in which students report their entrepreneurial intentions at the age of 15, we find that having an entrepreneurial peer group has a positive effect on an individual’s entrepreneurial intentions. We find that the strength of the peer effect in a country is moderated by prevailing values, namely individualism.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Munich, Department of Economics in its series Munich Reprints in Economics with number 20633.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Publication status: Published in Small Business Economics 1 39(2012): pp. 39-59
Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenar:20633

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Niels Bosma & Jolanda Hessels & Veronique Schutjens & Mirjam van Praag & Ingrid Verheul, 2011. "Entrepreneurship and Role Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-061/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Andersson, Martin & Henrekson, Magnus, 2014. "Local Competiveness Fostered through Local Institutions for Entrepreneurship," Working Paper Series 1020, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  3. Bougheas, Spiros & Nieboer, Jeroen & Sefton, Martin, 2013. "Risk-taking in social settings: Group and peer effects," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 273-283.

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