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Optimal Timing of Carbon Capture Policies Under Alternative CCS Cost Functions

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  • Amigues, Jean-Pierre
  • Lafforgue, Gilles
  • Moreaux, Michel

Abstract

We determine the optimal exploitation time-paths of three types of perfect substitute energy resources: The first one is depletable and carbon-emitting (dirty coal), the second one is also depletable but carbon-free thanks to a carbon capture and storage (CCS) process (clean coal) and the last one is renewable and clean (solar energy). We assume that the atmospheric carbon stock cannot exceed some given ceiling. These optimal paths are considered along with alternative structures of the CCS cost function depending on whether the marginal sequestration cost depends on the flow of clean coal consumption or on its cumulated stock. In the later case, the marginal cost function can be either increasing in the stock thus revealing a scarcity effect on the storage capacity of carbon emissions, or decreasing in order to take into account some learning process. We show among others the following results: Under a stockdependent CCS cost function, the clean coal exploitation must begin at the earliest when the carbon cap is reached while it must begin before under a flow-dependent cost function. Under stock-dependent cost function with a dominant learning effect, the energy price path can evolve non-monotonically over time. When the solar cost is low enough, this last case can give rise to an unusual sequence of energy consumption along which the solar energy consumption is interrupted for some time and replaced by the clean coal exploitation. Last, the scarcity effect implies a carbon tax trajectory which is also unusual in this kind of ceiling models, its increasing part been extended for some time during the period at the ceiling.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LERNA, University of Toulouse in its series LERNA Working Papers with number 12.11.368.

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Date of creation: Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ler:wpaper:25948

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Keywords: Carbon capture and storage; Energy substitution; Learning effect; Scarcity effect; Carbon stabilization cap.;

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References

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  1. Reyer Gerlagh, 2006. "ITC in a Global Growth-Climate Model with CCS: The Value of Induced Technical Change for Climate Stabilization," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Special I), pages 223-240.
  2. LAFFORGUE Gilles & MAGNE Bertrand & MOREAUX Michel, 2007. "Energy Substitutions, Climate change and Carbon sinks," LERNA Working Papers 07.01.222, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  3. Toman, Michael A. & Withagen, Cees, 2000. "Accumulative pollution, "clean technology," and policy design," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 367-384, October.
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  5. Alain Ayong Le Kama & Mouez Fodha & LAFFORGUE Gilles, 2009. "Optimal Carbon Capture and Storage policies," LERNA Working Papers 09.24.300, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  6. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Leach, Andrew & Moreaux, Michel, 2010. "Would Hotelling Kill the Electric Car?," IDEI Working Papers 602, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  7. Coulomb, R. & Henriet, F., 2011. "Carbon price and optimal extraction of a polluting fossil fuel with restricted carbon capture," Working papers 322, Banque de France.
  8. Jean-Pierre AMIGUES & Michel MOREAUX & Katheline SCHUBERT, 2011. "Optimal Use of a Polluting non Renewable Ressource Generating Both Manageable and Catastrophic Damages," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 103-104, pages 107-142.
  9. Grimaud, André & Lafforgue, Gilles & Magné, Bertrand, 2011. "Climate change mitigation options and directed technical change: A decentralized equilibrium analysis," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 938-962.
  10. Manne, Alan & Richels, Richard, 2004. "The impact of learning-by-doing on the timing and costs of CO2 abatement," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 603-619, July.
  11. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Magné, Bertrand & Moreaux, Michel, 2005. "A Hotelling Model with a Ceiling on the Stock of Pollution," IDEI Working Papers 368, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  12. Olli Tahvonen, 1997. "Fossil Fuels, Stock Externalities, and Backstop Technology," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 855-74, November.
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  15. Amigues, Jean-Pierre & Lafforgue, Gilles & Moreaux, Michel, 2011. "Optimal CCS and air capture from heterogeneous energy consuming sectors," LERNA Working Papers 11.16.350, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  16. Renaud Coulomb & Fanny Henriet, 2010. "Carbon price and optimal extraction of a polluting fossil fuel with restricted carbon capture," Working Papers halshs-00564852, HAL.
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  19. Lafforgue, Gilles & Magné, Bertrand & Moreaux, Michel, 2006. "Optimal Sequestration Policy with a Ceiling on the Stock of Carbon in the Atmosphere," IDEI Working Papers 401, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Moreaux, Michel & Withagen, Cees, 2013. "Climate Change and Carbon Capture and Storage," TSE Working Papers 13-393, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  2. Pierre-André Jouvet & Marie Renner, 2014. "Social Acceptance and Optimal Pollution: CCS or Tax?," Working Papers 1403, Chaire Economie du Climat.
  3. Amigues, Jean-Pierre & Lafforgue, Gilles & Moreaux, Michel, 2012. "Optimal timing of CCS policies with heterogeneous energy consumption sectors," IDEI Working Papers 734, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised 03 Apr 2013.
  4. Niko Jaakkola, 2013. "Monopolistic Sequestration of European Carbon Emissions," OxCarre Working Papers 098, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.

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