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Optimal Timing of Carbon Capture Policies Under Alternative CCS Cost Functions

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  • Amigues, Jean-Pierre
  • Lafforgue, Gilles
  • Moreaux, Michel

Abstract

We determine the optimal exploitation time-paths of three types of perfect substitute energy resources: The first one is depletable and carbon-emitting (dirty coal), the second one is also depletable but carbon-free thanks to a carbon capture and storage (CCS) process (clean coal) and the last one is renewable and clean (solar energy). We assume that the atmospheric carbon stock cannot exceed some given ceiling. These optimal paths are considered along with alternative structures of the CCS cost function depending on whether the marginal sequestration cost depends on the flow of clean coal consumption or on its cumulated stock. In the later case, the marginal cost function can be either increasing in the stock thus revealing a scarcity effect on the storage capacity of carbon emissions, or decreasing in order to take into account some learning process. We show among others the following results: Under a stockdependent CCS cost function, the clean coal exploitation must begin at the earliest when the carbon cap is reached while it must begin before under a flow-dependent cost function. Under stock-dependent cost function with a dominant learning effect, the energy price path can evolve non-monotonically over time. When the solar cost is low enough, this last case can give rise to an unusual sequence of energy consumption along which the solar energy consumption is interrupted for some time and replaced by the clean coal exploitation. Last, the scarcity effect implies a carbon tax trajectory which is also unusual in this kind of ceiling models, its increasing part been extended for some time during the period at the ceiling.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LERNA, University of Toulouse in its series LERNA Working Papers with number 12.11.368.

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Date of creation: Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ler:wpaper:25948

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Keywords: Carbon capture and storage; Energy substitution; Learning effect; Scarcity effect; Carbon stabilization cap.;

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References

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  1. Renaud Coulomb & Fanny Henriet, 2010. "Carbon price and optimal extraction of a polluting fossil fuel with restricted carbon capture," PSE Working Papers halshs-00564852, HAL.
  2. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Magne, Bertrand & Moreaux, Michel, 2006. "A Hotelling model with a ceiling on the stock of pollution," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(12), pages 2875-2904, December.
  3. Ayong Le Kama, Alain & Fodha, Mouez & Lafforgue, Gilles, 2011. "Optimal Carbon Capture and Storage Policies," LERNA Working Papers 11.13.347, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  4. Olli Tahvonen, 1997. "Fossil Fuels, Stock Externalities, and Backstop Technology," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 855-74, November.
  5. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Leach, Andrew & Moreaux, Michel, 2010. "Would Hotelling Kill the Electric Car?," IDEI Working Papers 602, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
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  7. Jean-Pierre AMIGUES & Michel MOREAUX & Katheline SCHUBERT, 2011. "Optimal Use of a Polluting non Renewable Ressource Generating Both Manageable and Catastrophic Damages," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 103-104, pages 107-142.
  8. Lafforgue, Gilles & Magné, Bertrand & Moreaux, Michel, 2006. "Optimal Sequestration Policy with a Ceiling on the Stock of Carbon in the Atmosphere," IDEI Working Papers 401, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  9. Gilles Lafforgue & Bertrand Magne & Michel Moreaux, 2008. "Energy substitutions, climate change and carbon sinks," Working Papers 21821, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  10. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564852 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Reyer Gerlagh, 2006. "ITC in a Global Growth-Climate Model with CCS: The Value of Induced Technical Change for Climate Stabilization," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Special I), pages 223-240.
  12. Manne, Alan & Richels, Richard, 2004. "The impact of learning-by-doing on the timing and costs of CO2 abatement," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 603-619, July.
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  14. André Grimaud & Gilles Lafforgue & Bertrand Magné, 2009. "Climate Change Mitigation Options and Directed Technical Change: A Decentralized Equilibrium Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 2875, CESifo Group Munich.
  15. Reyer Gerlagh & Bob van der Zwaan, 2006. "Options and Instruments for a Deep Cut in CO2 Emissions: Carbon Dioxide Capture or Renewables, Taxes or Subsidies?," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 25-48.
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  18. Amigues, Jean-Pierre & Lafforgue, Gilles & Moreaux, Michel, 2011. "Optimal CCS and air capture from heterogeneous energy consuming sectors," LERNA Working Papers 11.16.350, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  19. Edenhofer, Ottmar & Bauer, Nico & Kriegler, Elmar, 2005. "The impact of technological change on climate protection and welfare: Insights from the model MIND," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2-3), pages 277-292, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Moreaux, Michel & Withagen, Cees, 2013. "Climate Change and Carbon Capture and Storage," LERNA Working Papers 13.03.390, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  2. Niko Jaakkola, 2013. "Monopolistic Sequestration of European Carbon Emissions," OxCarre Working Papers 098, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  3. Jouvet, Pierre-André & Renner, Marie, 2014. "Social Acceptance and Optimal Pollution: CCS or Tax ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12981, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Amigues, Jean-Pierre & Lafforgue, Gilles & Moreaux, Michel, 2012. "Optimal timing of CCS policies with heterogeneous energy consumption sectors," LERNA Working Papers 12.13.370, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
  5. Michel Moreaux & Cees Withagen, 2014. "Fluctuating Climate Changes Induced by Optimal Carbon Capturing Policies," Working Papers 2014.01, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, revised May 2014.

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