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Human Rights: The Effect of Neighbouring Countries

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Author Info

  • Todd Landman

    (Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution, University of Essex, UK)

  • T. Huw Edwards

    (School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University, UK)

  • Tulio Antonio-Cravo

    ()
    (School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University, UK)

  • David Kernohan

    (Middlesex University, UK)

Abstract

We examine the geo-political and international spatial aspects of human rights (HR), using a purpose designed data-set. Applying tools from the spatial economics literature, we analyse the impact on a country’s HR performance of geographical proximity to its neighbours. Unlike previous studies, our approach treats this as partly endogenous: one country’s HR performance will affect its neighbours through a variety of potential geographical spillover mechanisms. We start with simple descriptive accounts, using scatter plots, of the geographic history of HR performance. Using a relatively simple spatial weighting model approach we compare each country’s HR performance with what would be predicted by regression on a weighted average of its neighbours’ performance (i.e. weightings depending positively on country population , and negatively upon distance), using a cross sectional and panel dataset of one hundred and sixty countries. We regress measures of population size, distance between countries, the prevalence of war or ethnic conflict, as well as per capita incomes and distribution, to test the general hypothesis that there may be positive spillovers between neighbours’ human rights performance. This is then extended to derive measures of HR performance relative to both economic, social and spatial factors.

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File URL: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/sbe/RePEc/lbo/lbowps/Human_Rights_for_RepecWP11-1.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Loughborough University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 2011_01.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision: Sep 2011
Handle: RePEc:lbo:lbowps:2011_01

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Postal: Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU
Phone: +44 (0) 1509 222701
Fax: +44 (0) 1509 223910
Web page: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/sbe/research/economics/index.html
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Keywords: Human rights; spatial econometrics;

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