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Assessing Aggregate Welfare: Growth and Inequality in Argentina

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  • Leonardo Gasparini
  • Walter Sosa Escudero

Abstract

This paper has two main goals. The first is to complement the Argentine mean income series with inequality estimates in order to obtain aggregate welfare series. Average income figures are estimated from National Accounts while income inequality indices are calculated from the Permanent Household Survey (EPH). Household income from the survey is adjusted for nonresponse, underreporting and demographics. The second objective of the article is to check the statistical significance of changes in inequality and welfare measures. Bootstrapping techniques are used to that aim. One of the main conclusions is that while welfare assessments coincide among different value judgments in some periods (e.g. 1991-1994), they widely vary in some others, particularly in the last four years (1994-1998), where the economy experienced moderate growth and large increases in inequality. It is argued that the period 1994-1998 provides an unprecedented laboratory for distinguishing the social preferences of different analysts according to their evaluation of the performance of the Argentine economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series Department of Economics, Working Papers with number 021.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lap:wpaper:021

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Keywords: Income distribution; inequality; welfare; Latin America; Argentina;

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Cited by:
  1. Leonardo Gasparini, 2005. "Income Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean: Evidence from Household Surveys," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0(1-2), pages 29-57, January-D.
  2. Juan M. Sánchez, 2003. "Universitary Financing and Welfare: A Dynamic Analysis with Heterogeneous Agents and Overlapping Generations," Department of Economics, Working Papers 047, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  3. Ugo Panizza & Mónica Yañez, 2005. "Why are Latin Americans so unhappy about reforms?," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 1-29, May.
  4. Duro Moreno, Juan Antonio & Teixidó Figueras, Jordi, 2013. "International Equity on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and World Levels: an integrated analysis through distributive welfare indices," Working Papers 2072/220758, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
  5. Vanesa Valeria D'Elia, 2013. "Changes in pension inequality: A decomposition analysis of Argentina, 1995-2009," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 50(1), pages 48-81, May.
  6. Fields, Gary S. & Sánchez Puerta, María Laura, 2010. "Earnings Mobility in Times of Growth and Decline: Argentina from 1996 to 2003," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 870-880, June.
  7. Monserrat Bustelo, 2004. "Caracterización de los Cambios en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en Argentina Haciendo Uso de Técnicas de Descomposiciones Microeconometricas (1992-2001)," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0013, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  8. Paula Giovagnoli & Georgina Pizzolitto & Julieta Trías, 2005. "Monitoring the Socio-Economic Conditions in Chile," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0019, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  9. Thomas Otter, 2009. "Characterization of inequality changes through microeconometric decomposition - Paraguay 1992-2005," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 189, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  10. Hernán Winkler, 2005. "Monitoring the Socio-Economic Conditions in Uruguay," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0026, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  11. World Bank, 2001. "Household Risk, Self-Insurance and Coping Strategies in Urban Argentina," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15467, The World Bank.

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