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Caracterización de los Cambios en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en Argentina Haciendo Uso de Técnicas de Descomposiciones Microeconometricas (1992-2001)

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  • Monserrat Bustelo

    ()
    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) FCE - UNLP)

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    Abstract

    La pobreza y la desigualdad de los ingresos laborales y familiares en Argentina han experimentado un sostenido incremento a lo largo de la última década. Como es sabido el ingreso laboral es el producto entre el salario y las horas trabajadas. Si bien importantes resultados han surgido al analizar los cambios producidos en los determinantes del salario, las horas trabajadas han recibido menor atención por parte de la literatura. Es por ello que este trabajo busca caracterizar el impacto en la desigualdad del ingreso y en la pobreza que surge de los cambios experimentados por los determinantes de las horas trabajadas haciendo uso de técnicas de descomposiciones microeconométricas. Adicionalmente se persigue profundizar los estudios previos de medición del efecto distributivo que surge de cambios en los determinantes de los salarios por medio de la metodología de Quantile Regression.

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    File URL: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/archivos_upload/doc_cedlas13.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0013.

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    Length: 55 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0013

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    Keywords: pobreza; desigualdad del ingreso; descomposiciones; horas trabajadas; salario; Quantile Regression; Argentina.;

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    1. Leonardo Gasparini, 2005. "Protección Social y Empleo en América Latina: Estudio sobre la Base de Encuestas de Hogares," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0017, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
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    12. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
    13. Leonardo Gasparini & Mariana Marchionni & Federico Gutierrez, 2004. "Simulating Income Distribution Changes in Bolivia: a Microeconometric Approach," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0012, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    14. José Mata & José A. F. Machado, 2005. "Counterfactual decomposition of changes in wage distributions using quantile regression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 445-465.
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