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Intertemporal solvency of Turkey’s current account

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  • Ayla Ogus

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

  • Niloufer Sohrabji

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Simmons College)

Abstract

We test for sustainability of Turkey’s current account position between 1992 and 2007 using the intertemporal solvency model of Hakkio and Rush (1991) and Husted (1992). This approach examines the relationship between exports and imports+ (which include imports, net interest and unilateral transfer payments). Cointegration between inflows and outflows implies that the intertemporal budget constraint is satisfied. We use the Johansen and the Gregory and Hansen (1996) cointegration tests to determine linkages between exports and imports+ in Turkey. Using the Johansen test we find no cointegration and thus reject intertemporal solvency of the current account for this period. If we allow for a structural break in the cointegrating relation using the Gregory Hansen procedure we do find evidence of cointegration between the two series. This result can be used to estimate the long-run relationship between exports and imports+ using dynamic OLS and test for weak and strong sustainability of the current account position. We find evidence for weak sustainability but reject strong sustainability of the Turkish current account position in recent years.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Izmir University of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0805.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:izm:wpaper:0805

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Keywords: Current account sustainability; intertemporal budget constraint; Turkey; cointegration;

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  1. Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi & Lau, Evan & Fountas, Stilianos, 2003. "On the sustainability of current account deficits: evidence from four ASEAN countries," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 465-487, June.
  2. Mark J. Holmes & Jes�s Otero & Theodore Panagiotidis, 2010. "On the Stationarity of Current Account Deficits in the European Union," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 730-740, 09.
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  4. Arize, Augustine C., 2002. "Imports and exports in 50 countries: Tests of cointegration and structural breaks," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 101-115, April.
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  7. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
  8. Kalyoncu, Huseyin, 2005. "Sustainability of Current Account for Turkey: Intertemporal Solvency Approach," MPRA Paper 1220, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Gian Maria Milesi-Ferrett & Assaf Razin, 1996. "Sustainability of Persistent Current Account Deficits," NBER Working Papers 5467, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  11. Steven Cook, 2004. "Spurious rejection by cointegration tests incorporating structural change in the cointegrating relationship," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(14), pages 879-884.
  12. Heejoon Kang, 1999. "The Applied Cointegration Analysis for the Open Economy: A Critical Review," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 325-346, July.
  13. Wu, Jyh-Lin & Chen, Show-Lin & Lee, Hsiu-Yun, 2001. "Are current account deficits sustainable?: Evidence from panel cointegration," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 219-224, August.
  14. Mark J. Holmes, 2006. "How Sustainable Are Oecd Current Account Balances In The Long Run?," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 74(5), pages 626-643, 09.
  15. Ayla Ogus & Niloufer Sohrabji, 2008. "On the optimality and sustainability of Turkey’s current account," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 543-568, November.
  16. Manuchehr Irandoust & Johan Ericsson, 2004. "Are Imports and Exports Cointegrated? An International Comparison," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 49-64, 02.
  17. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1991. "A simple estimator of cointegrating vectors in higher order integrated systems," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  18. Leachman, Lori L & Thorpe, Michael, 1998. "Intertemporal Solvency in the Small Open Economy of Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 74(226), pages 231-42, September.
  19. Ayla Ogus & Niloufer Sohrabji, 2008. "Analyzing the Present Sustainability of Turkey’s Current Account Position," Working Papers 0803, Izmir University of Economics.
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