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Raising Job Quality and Worker Skills in the US: Creating More Effective Education and Workforce Development Systems in States

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  • Holzer, Harry J.

    ()
    (Georgetown University)

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    Abstract

    To improve the employment rates and earnings of Americans workers, we need to create more coherent and effective education and workforce development systems, focusing primarily (though not exclusively) on disadvantaged youth and adults, and with education and training more clearly targeted towards firms and sectors providing good-paying jobs. This paper proposes a new set of competitive grants from the federal government to states that would fund training partnerships between employers in key industries, education providers, workforce agencies and intermediaries at the state level, plus a range of other supports and services. The grants would especially reward the expansion of programs that appear successful when evaluated with randomized control trial techniques. The evidence suggests that these grants could generate benefits that are several times larger than their costs, and would therefore lead to higher earnings and lower unemployment rates among the disadvantaged.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Policy Papers with number 42.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: May 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izapps:pp42

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    Related research

    Keywords: education; workforce development; jobs; skills; employment;

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    1. James J. Heckman & Paul A. LaFontaine, 2010. "The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 92(2), pages 244-262, May.
    2. Peter R. Mueser & Carolyn J. Heinrich & Kenneth R. Troske & Kyung-Seong Jeon & Daver C. Kahvecioglu, 2010. "New Estimates of Public Employment and Training Program Net Impacts: A Nonexperimental Evaluation of the Workforce Investment Act Program," Working Papers 1003, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
    3. Christopher J. O'Leary & Robert A. Straits & Stephen A. Wandner, 2004. "Public Job Training: Experience and Prospects," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    4. Kevin Hollenbeck, 2008. "Is There a Role for Public Support of Incumbent Worker On-the-Job Training?," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 08-138, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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