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Assimilation, Criminality and Ethnic Conflict

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  • Dasgupta, Indraneel

    ()
    (Indian Statistical Institute)

  • Mukherjee, Diganta

    ()
    (Indian Statistical Institute)

Abstract

We examine the consequences, of integrating large minorities into productivity-relevant majority ethno-linguistic norms, for distribution, ethnic conflict and crime. We develop a two-community model where such assimilation generates social gains by: (a) facilitating economic interaction, and (b) dampening religious or racial conflict over symbolic and normative contents of the public sphere. However, integration shifts the distribution of both material and symbolic goods against the minority. It also expands income inequality within the minority community. This incentivizes decentralized attempts to expropriate producers which, through cumulative causation, both immiserize and criminalize the minority. An underclass thus results, with disproportionate minority presence.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7924.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7924

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Keywords: minority; identity; language; assimilation; discrimination; ethnic conflict; crime; welfare dependency;

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  20. Indraneel Dasgupta & Ravi Kanbur, 2011. "Does philanthropy reduce inequality?," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-21, March.
  21. Li, Qiang, 2013. "Language and urban labor market segmentation: Theory and evidence," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 27-46.
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  23. Dasgupta, Indraneel & Kanbur, Ravi, 2003. "Bridging Communal Divides: Separation, Patronage, Integration," Working Papers, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management 127235, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  24. Javier Ortega & Thomas P. Tangerås, 2008. "Unilingual Versus Bilingual Education: A Political Economy Analysis," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 6(5), pages 1078-1108, 09.
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