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National Identity and Religious Diversity

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  • Kenneth Harttgen
  • Matthias Opfinger

Abstract

We construct a simple index for national identity using information from the World Values Survey on peoples’ attitudes towards the nation. We then analyze the relationship between national identity and religious diversity. The results show that religious diversity is significantly and negatively related to national identity. We also find support for the previous finding that ethnic diversity does not seem to be related to national identity. Apparently, religious diversity and the feeling of heterogeneity that goes along with it prevents people from forming a common identity. Besides, our results indicate that there is a negative correlation between national identity and the level of income. The prevention of discrimination against minority groups follows as an important policy advice.

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File URL: http://www.uni-trier.de/fileadmin/fb4/prof/VWL/EWF/Research_Papers/2012-07.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Trier, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2012-07.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:trr:wpaper:201207

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Keywords: National Identity; Religious Diversity; Identity Formation;

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References

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  1. B. Curtis Eaton & Mukesh Eswaran & Robert J. Oxoby, 2011. "Us and `Them': the origin of identity, and its economic implications," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 44(3), pages 719-748, August.
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  7. Constant, Amelie F. & Gataullina, Liliya & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2006. "Ethnosizing Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 2040, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Guido Tabellini, 2006. "Culture and institutions: economic development in the regions of Europe," Levine's Working Paper Archive 321307000000000466, David K. Levine.
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  17. Opfinger, Matthias, 2011. "Religious Market Theory vs. Secularization: The Role of Religious Diversity Revisited," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-475, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
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Cited by:
  1. Matthias Opfinger, 2013. "Two Sides of a Medal: The Changing Relationship between Religious Diversity and Religiosity," Research Papers in Economics 2013-06, University of Trier, Department of Economics.

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