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Bridging Communal Divides: Separation, Patronage, Integration

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  • Dasgupta, Indraneel
  • Kanbur, Ravi

Abstract

We analyze conflicts between communities. A community-specific public good, to which members make voluntary contributions, defines communities. Some, but not all, members of one community may contribute towards another community’s public good. Such ‘bridging’ contributions will not occur when communities have relatively equal wealth endowments. ‘Separation’ of communities in this sense provides incentives to individuals to support confiscation of the other community’s wealth, thus generating communal conflicts. Individuals’ incentives to support inter-community conflicts can be moderated by the presence of a public good common to both communities. Such moderation however occurs only when communities are separated at the level of public goods constitutive of a community’s self-identity. Thus the presence of meta-communal public goods and relative wealth equality across communities are both necessary to mitigate communal conflict.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management in its series Working Papers with number 127235.

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Date of creation: 03 Jul 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:cudawp:127235

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Related research

Keywords: Community; Identity; Public goods; Bridge Individuals; Syncretism; Separation; Patronage; Meta-community; Communal Conflict.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D31; D63; D74; Z13.;

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References

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  1. Kanbur, Ravi & Clark, Simon, 2002. "Samuelson Machines and the Optimal Public-Private Mix," Working Papers 127321, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  2. Dasgupta, Indraneel & Kanbur, Ravi, 2002. "How Workers Get Poor Because Capitalists Get Rich: A General Equilibrium Model of Labor Supply, Community, and the Class Distribution of Income," Working Papers 127296, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  3. Dasgupta, Indraneel & Kanbur, Ravi, 2001. "Class, Community, Inequality," Working Papers 127671, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  4. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:8:y:2006:i:13:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Dasgupta, Indraneel, 2009. "Why Praise Inequality? Public Good Provision, Income Distribution and Social Welfare," IZA Discussion Papers 3988, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Indraneel Dasgupta & Ravi Kanbur, 2005. "Community and anti-poverty targeting," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 281-302, December.
  3. Dasgupta, Indraneel & Kanbur, Ravi, 2007. "Community and class antagonism," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(9), pages 1816-1842, September.
  4. Dasgupta, Indraneel & Kanbur, Ravi, 2007. "Should Egalitarians Expropriate Philanthropists?," Working Papers 126999, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  5. Ravi Kanbur, 2006. "What’s Social Policy Got To Do With Economic Growth?," Working Papers id:366, eSocialSciences.
  6. Kanbur, Ravi, 2007. "Poverty, Inequality and Conflict," Working Papers 126997, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  7. Dasgupta, Indraneel, 2009. "'Living' wage, class conflict and ethnic strife," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 750-765, November.
  8. Kanbur, Ravi, 2006. "What’s Social Policy Got To Do With Economic Growth?," Working Papers 127037, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  9. Indraneel Dasgupta & Ravi Kanbur, 2011. "Does philanthropy reduce inequality?," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-21, March.

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