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The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes

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Author Info

  • Rossin-Slater, Maya

    ()
    (Columbia University)

  • Ruhm, Christopher J.

    ()
    (University of Virginia)

  • Waldfogel, Jane

    ()
    (Columbia University)

Abstract

This analysis uses March Current Population Survey data from 1999-2010 and a differences-in-differences approach to examine how California's first in the nation paid family leave (PFL) program affected leave-taking by mothers following childbirth, as well as subsequent labor market outcomes. We obtain robust evidence that the California program more than doubled the overall use of maternity leave, increasing it from around three to six or seven weeks for the typical new mother – with particularly large growth for less advantaged groups. We also provide suggestive evidence that PFL increased the usual weekly work hours of employed mothers of one-to-three year-old children by 6 to 9% and that their wage incomes may have risen by a similar amount.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6240.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6240

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Related research

Keywords: parental leave; maternity leave; leave-taking; paid leave; maternal employment;

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References

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  1. Florence Jaumotte, 2003. "Labour Force Participation of Women: Empirical Evidence on The Role of Policy and Other Determinants in OECD Countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2003(2), pages 51-108.
  2. Paul Gregg & Maria Gutierrez-Domenech & Jane Waldfogel, 2003. "The Employment of Married Mothers in Great Britain: 1974 - 2000," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 03/078, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  3. Simon Burgess & Paul Gregg & Carol Propper & Elizabeth Washbrook & ALSPAC Study Team, 2002. "Maternity Rights and Mothers' Return to Work," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 02/055, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  4. Liu, Qian & Nordström Skans, Oskar, 2009. "The duration of paid parental leave and children’s scholastic performance," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2009:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  5. Baker, Michael & Milligan, Kevin, 2008. "Maternal employment, breastfeeding, and health: Evidence from maternity leave mandates," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 871-887, July.
  6. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Shirlee Lichtman, 2013. "The Value Of Postponing Pregnancy: California’S Paid Family Leave And The Timing Of Pregnancies," Working Papers 1310, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Economics.
  2. Das, Tirthatanmoy & Polachek, Solomon, 2014. "Unanticipated Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program," IZA Discussion Papers 8023, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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