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Age at Immigration and the Education Outcomes of Children

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  • Corak, Miles

    ()
    (University of Ottawa)

Abstract

The successful acquisition of a language is often characterized in terms of critical periods. If this is the case it is likely that children who migrate face different challenges in attaining high school credentials depending upon their age at immigration. This paper examines the education outcomes of a cohort of immigrants who arrived in Canada as children. The 2006 Census is used and it is found that there is in fact a distinct change in the chances that children will hold a high-school diploma according to the age at which they arrived in the country. The chances of being a high-school dropout do not vary according to age at arrival up to about the age of nine, with children arriving after that age facing a distinct and growing increase in the chances that they will not graduate from high school. The findings suggest that public policy addressing the long run success of immigrant children needs to be mindful of the variation in risks and opportunities by age, and the role of both early childhood investment and the structure of the education system faced by young adolescents in determining them.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6072.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6072

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Keywords: children; immigration; education;

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References

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  1. Abdurrahman Aydemir & Wen-Hao Chen & Miles Corak, 2005. "Intergenerational Earnings Mobility Among the Children of Canadian Immigrants," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0511006, EconWPA.
  2. Ana Ferrer & W. Craig Riddell, 2008. "Education, credentials, and immigrant earnings," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 41(1), pages 186-216, February.
  3. Joseph Schaafsma & Arthur Sweetman, 2001. "Immigrant earnings: age at immigration matters," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1066-1099, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Ohinata, Asako & van Ours, Jan C., 2012. "Young Immigrant Children and their Educational Attainment," IZA Discussion Papers 6817, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Deborah A. Cobb-Clark & Mathias Sinning & Steven Stillman, 2011. "Migrant Youths' Educational Achievement: The Role of Institutions," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne wp2011n25, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  3. A. Di Liberto, 2013. "Length of stay in the host country and educational achievement of immigrant students: the Italian case," Working Paper CRENoS 201316, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.

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