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Age at migration and social integration

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Author Info

  • Åslund, Olof

    ()
    (IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)

  • Böhlmark, Anders

    ()
    (Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University)

  • Nordström Skans, Oskar

    ()
    (IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)

Abstract

The paper studies childhood migrants and examines how age at migration affects their ensuing integration at the residential market, the labor market, and the marriage market. We use population-wide Swedish data and compare outcomes as adults among siblings arriving at different ages in order to ensure that the results can be given a causal inter-pretation. The results show that the children who arrived at a higher age had substan-tially lower shares of natives among their neighbors, coworkers and spouses as adults. The effects are mostly driven by higher exposure to immigrants of similar ethnic origin, in particular at the marriage market. There are also non-trivial effects on employment, but a more limited impact on education and wages. We also analyze children of migrants and show that parents’ time in the host country before child birth matters, which implies that the outcomes of the social integra¬tion process are inherited. Inherited integration has a particularly strong impact on the marriage patterns of females.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2009:21.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 24 Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2009_021

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Keywords: Immigration; integration; segregation; age at migration; siblings;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Constant, Amelie F. & Krause, Annabelle & Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2010. "Reservation Wages of First and Second Generation Migrants," IZA Discussion Papers 5396, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Helena Skyt Nielsen & Beatrice Schindler Rangvid, 2011. "The Impact of Parents’ Years since Migration on Children’s Academic Achievement," Economics Working Papers 2011-16, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  3. van den Berg, G. J & Lundborg P & Nystedt P & Rooth D, 2009. "Critical Periods During Childhood and Adolescence: A Study of Adult Height Among Immigrant Siblings," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 09/20, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  4. Katz, Katarina & Österberg, Torun, 2013. "Wages of childhood immigrants in Sweden – education, returns to education and overeducation," Working Paper Series 2013:8, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  5. Synøve Nygaard Andersen & Torbjørn Skardhamar, 2012. "Age at immigration and crime. Findings for male immigrants in Norway," Discussion Papers 728, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  6. Olof Åslund & Anders Böhlmark & Oskar Nordström Skans, 2012. "Childhood and Family Experiences and the Social Integration of Young Migrants," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2012003, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  7. Aycan, Çelikaksoy & Lena, Nekby & Saman, Rashid, 2009. "Assortative Mating by Ethnic Background and Education in Sweden: The Role of Parental Composition on Partner Choice," SULCIS Working Papers 2009:7, Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS.
  8. Caroline Berchet & Nicolas Sirven, 2012. "Cross-Country Performance in Social Integration of Older Migrants. A European Perspective," Working Papers DT46, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Mar 2012.

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