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The Rise in Absenteeism: Disentangling the Impacts of Cohort, Age and Time

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Author Info

  • Biorn, Erik

    ()
    (University of Oslo)

  • Gaure, Simen

    ()
    (Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research)

  • Markussen, Simen

    ()
    (Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research)

  • Røed, Knut

    ()
    (Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research)

Abstract

We examine the remarkable rise in absenteeism among Norwegian employees since the early 1990's, with particular emphasis on disentangling the roles of cohort, age, and time. Based on a fixed effects model, we show that individual age-adjusted absence propensities have risen even more than aggregate absence rates from 1993 to 2005, debunking the popular hypothesis that the rise in absenteeism resulted from the inclusion of new cohorts – with weaker work-norms – into the workforce. We also reject the idea that the rise in absenteeism resulted from more successful integration of workers with poor health; on the contrary, a massive rise in disability rolls during the 1990’s suggest that poor-health workers have left the labor market in unprecedented numbers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5091.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2013, 26 (4), 1585-1608
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5091

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Related research

Keywords: endogenous selection; sickness absence; fixed effects logit; multicollinearity;

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References

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  1. Askildsen, Jan Erik & Bratberg, Espen & Nilsen, Øivind Anti, 2002. "Unemployment, labour force composition and sickness absence. A panel data study," Working Papers in Economics 05/02, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
  2. Bronwyn H. Hall & Jacques Mairesse & Laure Turner, 2005. "Identifying Age, Cohort and Period Effects in Scientific Research Productivity: Discussion and Illustration Using Simulated and Actual Data on French Physicists," NBER Working Papers 11739, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Lusine Lusinyan & Leo Bonato, 2007. "Work Absence in Europe," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 54(3), pages 475-538, July.
  4. Assar Lindbeck & Sten Nyberg & Jšrgen W. Weibull, 1999. "Social Norms And Economic Incentives In The Welfare State," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 1-35, February.
  5. Markussen, Simen, 2009. "Closing the Gates? Evidence from a Natural Experiment on Physicians' Sickness Certification," Memorandum 19/2009, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  6. Markussen, Simen & Røed, Knut & Røgeberg, Ole J. & Gaure, Simen, 2011. "The anatomy of absenteeism," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 277-292, March.
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. The mysterious rise of absenteeism in Norway
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-08-31 13:56:00
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Cited by:
  1. Rieck, Karsten Marshall E. & Telle, Kjetil, 2012. "Sick Leave Before, During and After Pregnancy," Working Papers in Economics 06/12, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
  2. Karsten Marshall Elseth Rieck & Kjetil Telle, 2012. "Sick leave before, during and after pregnancy," Discussion Papers 690, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  3. Biørn, Erik, 2013. "Identifying Age-Cohort-Time Effects, Their Curvature and Interactions from Polynomials: Examples Related to Sickness Absence," Memorandum 08/2013, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  4. Biørn, Erik, 2013. "Age-Cohort-Time Effects in Sickness Absence: Exploring a Large Data Set by Polynomial Regression," Memorandum 19/2013, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  5. Markussen, Simen & Røed, Knut, 2012. "Social Insurance Networks," IZA Discussion Papers 6446, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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  1. Economic Logic blog

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